Study of flowering plant endemism of Northern Western Ghats highlights importance of plateaus in conservation plans
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Environment & Biodiversity
- Scientists at the Agharkar Research Institute (ARI), Pune have published a plant data of the Northern Western Ghats.
- The institute is an autonomous institute of the Department of Science and Technology.
- As per their data, the plateaus and the cliffs harbour most of the endemic species in these areas.
- The plateaus along with forests should be prioritized for conservation of the Northern Western Ghats.
- The study suggested that the Northern Western Ghats is the region of rapid diversification of specific herbaceous endemic genera like Ceropegia, Glyphochloa, etc.
Important value additions:
Northern Western Ghats
- The Indian Western Ghats is one of the global biodiversity hotspots due to the endemism of various flora and fauna.
- The northern part of the Ghats receives more precipitation than southern and central parts.
- Plateaus and cliffs display maximum endemic species.
- Forests harbour many non-endemic species.