Komodo Dragon could become extinct

  • IASbaba
  • September 24, 2020
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Komodo Dragon could become extinct

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Biodiversity; Conservation; Climate change

In news

  • A recent study conducted by Australian universities has found out that the Komodo dragon could become extinct in the next few decades due to climate change.

Important value additions

Komodo dragon 

  • Scientific Name: Varanus komodoensis.
  • They are the largest and heaviest lizards on Earth. 
  • They have long, flat heads with rounded snouts, scaly skin, bowed legs, and huge, muscular tails.
  • They can eat almost anything, including invertebrates, birds, and mammals.
  • They have venom glands loaded with toxins which secrete anticoagulants.
  • Habitat: Komodo National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is situated in the Island of Komodo (eastern Indonesia) and is the only habitat for this lizard species.
  • Threats: (1) Anthropogenic factors; (2) Less prey; (3) Climate change 
  • Conservation: (1) IUCN Status: Vulnerable; (2) CITES: Appendix I

Do you know?

  • In February 2019, the Australian government officially declared the first known extinction of a mammal (Bramble Cay melomys) as a result of human-induced climate change.

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