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Solar Cycle 25 predictions announced

  • IASbaba
  • September 21, 2020
  • 0
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Solar Cycle 25 predictions announced

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Space

In news

  • Scientists from NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) announced their predictions about the new solar cycle, called Solar Cycle 25.
  • The Scientists believe that the cycle has begun.

Important value additions

Solar cycle

  • Sun’s surface is a very active space.
  • Electrically charged gases on its surface generate areas of powerful magnetic forces, which are called magnetic fields.
  • These gases are constantly moving. 
  • Thus, these magnetic fields can get stretched, twisted and tangled creating motion on the surface known as solar activity.
  • Solar activity varied with the stages of the solar cycle, which lasts on average for a period of 11 years. 
  • Solar cycles have implications for life and technology on Earth as well as astronauts in space.

Sunspots

  • Scientists track a solar cycle by using sunspots.
  • These are the dark blotches on the Sun that are associated with solar activity.
  • Sunspots are associated with the origins for giant explosions such as solar flares that can spew light, energy and solar material into space.
  • A Sunspot is an area on the Sun that appears dark on the surface and is relatively cooler than the surrounding parts. 
  • These spots are the visible markers of the Sun’s magnetic field.
  • Some spots are as large as 50,000 km in diameter.

Image source: Click here

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