Baikal-GVD: Underwater neutrino telescope

  • IASbaba
  • April 2, 2021
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Baikal-GVD: Underwater neutrino telescope

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Sci and Tech

In news

  • Russian scientists launched one of the world’s biggest underwater neutrino telescopes called the Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) in the waters of Lake Baikail. 
  • Lake Baikal is the world’s deepest lake situated in Siberia.

Key takeaways 

  • Mission: To study in detail the fundamental particles called neutrinos and to possibly determine their sources.
  • It is one of the three largest neutrino detectors in the world along with the IceCube at the South Pole and ANTARES in the Mediterranean Sea.

Important value additions 

Lake Baikal

  • Lake Baikal is a rift lake located in southern Siberia, Russia.
  • It is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 22 to 23% of the world’s fresh surface water.
  • It is the seventh-largest lake in the world by surface area.
  • Maximum depth: 1,642 m (5,387 ft)
  • It is the world’s oldest (25–30 million years) and deepest lake.
  • It has a long, crescent shape.
  • The region to the east of Lake Baikal is referred to as Transbaikalia or as the Trans baikal.
  • The loosely defined region around the lake itself is sometimes known as Baikalia.
  • UNESCO declared Lake Baikal a World Heritage Site in 1996.

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