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NASA selects two missions to the planet Venus

  • IASbaba
  • June 5, 2021
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NASA selects two missions to the planet Venus

Part of: GS Prelims and GS -III – Sci and tech; Space 

In news

Details about the missions

  • The missions are called DAVINCI+ and VERITAS 
  • These will be launched between 2028 and 2030.
  • DAVINCI+ is ‘Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging’
    • It is the first US-led mission to the planet’s atmosphere since 1978.
    • It will try to understand Venus’ composition to see how the planet formed and evolved.
    • It also consists of a descent sphere that will pass through the planet’s thick atmosphere and make observations and take measurements of noble gases and other elements.
    • It will also try to return the first high resolution photographs of a geological feature, tesserae, that is unique to Venus. The presence of tesseraes may suggest that Venus has tectonic plates like Earth.
  • The second mission called VERITAS is ‘Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy’
    • It will map the planet’s surface to determine its geologic history and understand the reasons why it developed so differently from Earth.

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