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New Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) appointed

  • IASbaba
  • June 4, 2021
  • 0
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New Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) appointed

Part of: GS Prelims and GS -II – Statutory bodies; Indian Polity 

In news

Why does the news matter? 

  • National Human Rights Commission is one of the Statutory Bodies of India.
  • Other Statutory Bodies:
    • National Commission for Women
    • National Commission for Minorities
    • National Commission for Backward Classes
    • National Law Commission
    • National Green Tribunal
    • National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission
    • Armed Forces Tribunal

Important value additions 

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

  • NHRC was established in 1993. 
  • It is in conformity with the Paris Principles, adopted at the first international workshop on national institutions for the protection of human rights held in Paris in 1991.
  • Status: It is a statutory organization established under the Protection of Human Rights Act (PHRA), 1993 
  • Headquarters: New Delhi.
  • Functions:
    • To investigate the violation of human rights/ the failures of the states/other to prevent a human rights violation 
    • The commissions may also take on research about human rights, create awareness campaigns through various mediums, and encourage the work of NGOs.
  • Composition
    • Chairperson, four full-time Members and four deemed Members
    • A Chairperson, should be retired Chief Justice of India or a Judge of the Supreme Court.
  • Appointment: The Chairperson and members of the NHRC are appointed by the President of India, on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:
    • The Prime Minister (Chairperson)
    • The Home Minister
    • The Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha
    • The Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha 
    • The Speaker of the Lok Sabha
    • The Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha
  • They hold office for a term of three years or until they attain the age of 70 years, whichever is earlier.
  • The President can remove them from the office under specific circumstances.

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