Input Tax Credit (ITC)
Part of: Prelims and GS III – Economy
Context Recently, The Supreme Court said that refunds of tax credit cannot be claimed for input services under the Goods and Services Tax regime’s inverted duty structure.
- The SC has confirmed a Madras High Court judgment which upheld a fiscal formula included in the Central Goods and Service Tax Rules to execute refund of unutilised Input Tax Credit (ITC) accumulated on account of input services.
What is Input Tax Credit (ITC)?
- ITC is a mechanism to avoid cascading of taxes. Cascading of taxes, in simple language, is ‘tax on tax’.
- Input Tax Credit refers to the tax already paid by a person at time of purchase of goods or services and which is available as deduction from tax payable .
- Input tax credit in relation to GST to a registered person means, the CGST, SGST/UTGST or IGST charged on any supply of goods or services or both made to him.
- It includes IGST charged on imports & tax payable under reverse charge mechanism.
- When one buys a product/service from a registered dealer we pay taxes on the purchase.
- On selling, we collect the tax.
- We adjust the taxes paid at the time of purchase with the amount of output tax (tax on sales) and balance liability of tax (tax on sales minus tax on purchase) has to be paid to the government.
- This mechanism is called utilization of input tax credit.
- If the tax paid on inputs is higher than the tax on the output, the excess can be claimed as a refund.
- Exceptions: A business under composition scheme cannot avail of input tax credit. ITC cannot be claimed for personal use or for goods that are exempt.