WHO group to consider emergency use listing of Covaxin

  • IASbaba
  • November 1, 2021
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WHO group to consider emergency use listing of Covaxin

Part of: Prelims and GS – II – Health and GS-III – Sci and tech 

Context The World Health Organization’s technical advisory group will consider the Emergency Use Listing (EUL) of Covaxin.

What is Emergency Use Listing (EUL)?

  • The WHO Emergency Use Listing Procedure (EUL) is a risk-based procedure for assessing and listing unlicensed vaccines, therapeutics and in vitro diagnostics.
  • Aim: Expediting the availability of these products to people affected by a public health emergency. 
  • This also assists interested UN procurement agencies and Member States in determining the acceptability of specific products
  • The following criteria must be met:
    • The disease for which the product is intended is serious or immediately life threatening.
    • Existing products have not been successful in eradicating the disease or preventing outbreaks
    • The product is manufactured in compliance with current Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP).
    • The applicant undertakes to complete the development of the product and apply for WHO prequalification once the product is licensed.

What is Covaxin?

  • Covaxin is India’s first indigenous, whole-virion, inactivated vaccine developed by Bharat Biotech in collaboration with the Indian Medical Research Council (ICMR) and the National Institute of Virology (NIV).
  • It has been formulated with ‘Algel-IMDG’, which contains chemically absorbed TLR7/8 as an adjuvant onto aluminium hydroxide gel to generate the requisite type of immune responses without damaging the body. 

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