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Bhimbetka cave

  • IASbaba
  • January 14, 2022
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Bhimbetka cave

Part of: Prelims and GS-I History and Culture

Context The depiction of two-horned Sumatran rhino was recently discovered in the Bhimbetka rock shelters of Madhya Pradesh (MP)

  • It was drawn with a red pigment in Urden, one of the caves in the Bhimbetka complex.
  • It suggests early human migration in the subcontinent.

About Bhimbetka cave

  • The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological site in MP that spans the prehistoric Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods.
  • It exhibits the earliest traces of human life in India and evidence of Stone Age starting at the site in Acheulian times.
  • It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Discovery: The Bhimbetka rock shelters were found by V S Wakankar in1957.
  • It is popular for its prehistoric cave paintings done in red and white.

Sumatran Rhino

  • It is the smallest of all rhino species.
  • Very few of them are left mainly in Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia.

Do you know?

  • Other species of Rhino: Black Rhino, White Rhino, Greater One-Horned Rhino, Javan Rhino
  • IUCN Red List Status:
    • White Rhino: Near Threatened.
    • Greater One Horned: Vulnerable.
    • Black Rhino: Critically endangered.
    • Javan: Critically Endangered
    • Sumatran Rhino: Critically Endangered

News Source: The Hindu

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