Part of: Prelims and GS-I History and Culture
Context The depiction of two-horned Sumatran rhino was recently discovered in the Bhimbetka rock shelters of Madhya Pradesh (MP)
- It was drawn with a red pigment in Urden, one of the caves in the Bhimbetka complex.
- It suggests early human migration in the subcontinent.
About Bhimbetka cave
- The Bhimbetka rock shelters are an archaeological site in MP that spans the prehistoric Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods.
- It exhibits the earliest traces of human life in India and evidence of Stone Age starting at the site in Acheulian times.
- It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Discovery: The Bhimbetka rock shelters were found by V S Wakankar in1957.
- It is popular for its prehistoric cave paintings done in red and white.
- It is the smallest of all rhino species.
- Very few of them are left mainly in Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia.
Do you know?
- Other species of Rhino: Black Rhino, White Rhino, Greater One-Horned Rhino, Javan Rhino
- IUCN Red List Status:
- White Rhino: Near Threatened.
- Greater One Horned: Vulnerable.
- Black Rhino: Critically endangered.
- Javan: Critically Endangered
- Sumatran Rhino: Critically Endangered
News Source: The Hindu