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Fundamental Duties

  • IASbaba
  • February 23, 2022
  • 0
UPSC Articles
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Fundamental Duties

Part of: Prelims and GS-II Fundamental Duty

Context: The Supreme Court asked the Union and the State governments to respond to a petition to enforce the fundamental duties of citizens, including patriotism and unity of the nation, through “comprehensive, well-defined laws”.

Important Value addition

  • Background: The Fundamental Duties were incorporated in Part IV-A of the Constitution by the Constitution 42nd Amendment Act, 1976, during Emergency under Indira Gandhi’s government. 
  • The amendment came at a time when elections stood suspended and civil liberties curbed.
  • Today, there are 11 Fundamental Duties described under Article 51-A, of which 10 were introduced by the 42nd Amendment and the 11th was added by the 86th Amendment in 2002, during Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s government.
  • Status: These are statutory duties, not enforceable by law, but a court may take them into account while adjudicating on a matter.
  • Objective: The idea behind their incorporation was to emphasise the obligation of the citizen in exchange for the Fundamental Rights that he or she enjoys.
  • The concept of Fundamental Duties is taken from the Constitution of Russia.
  • Some of the duties are?
    • To abide by the constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem
    • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom
    • To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India — it is one of the preeminent national obligations of all the citizens of India.
    • To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so

News Source: TH

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