United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

  • IASbaba
  • April 9, 2022
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United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

Part of: Prelims and GS II – International Relations

Context: Russia’s membership to the Human Rights Council (HRC), was suspended recently after the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) voted to adopt a resolution suspending Moscow from the UN body.

  • Russia was elected to UNHRC in 2020.
  • India abstained from voting during the resolution.

What is the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)?

  • The Council was created through the resolution 60/251.
  • Established in: 2006.
  • Headquarter: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Aim: (1) To Promote and protect human rights around the globe; (2) To investigate alleged human rights violations.
  • Features: The UNHRC has 47 members elected for three-year terms on a regional group basis from 5 groups.
  • Membership: To become a member, a country must receive the votes of at least 96 of the 191 states of the UN General Assembly (an absolute majority).
  • Members are elected directly by secret ballot by the majority of the UN General Assembly.
  • Five regional groups for membership: Africa, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean, Western Europe and Eastern Europe.
  • The members are elected for a period of three years, with a maximum of two consecutive terms.
  • Sessions: The UNHRC holds regular sessions three times a year.

News Source: TH

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