In News: June 21 is the day of Summer Solstice in 2022.
- The summer solstice marks the beginning of the astronomical summer and occurs when the earth has its maximum tilt towards the sun.
- For temperate regions, the summer solstice is when the sun reaches its highest point in the sky.
- The Earth orbits the sun at an angle.
- So for half the year, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun and therefore, it is summer for the Northern hemisphere and winter for the Southern Hemisphere.
- During the other half of the year, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, thus creating winter in the Northern Hemisphere and summer in the south.
- Solstices happen twice per year: one for the winter and one for the summer and this is interchanged depending on which Hemisphere you live in.
- The longest day of the year happens on the day of the summer solstice since the earth receives the longest period of daylight during the day.
- The solstice has been seen as a significant time of the year in many cultures and has been marked by festivals and rituals across the globe.
Source: Indian Express
Previous Year Question
Q.1) In the northern hemisphere, the longest day of the year normally occurs in the: (2022)
- First half of the month of June
- Second half of the month of June
- First half of the month of July
- Second half of the month of July