In News: Recently Union Health Ministry released Family Planning Vision-2030.
- High teenage fertility in some areas remains a cause of concern in India even as the fertility rate has stabilised across the country.
- Participation of men will have to be encouraged in the family planning programme and that lack of access to contraceptives had been identified as a priority challenge area.
- While multiple factors have been identified that explain low contraceptive use among married adolescents and young women, two most important factors are child marriage and teenage pregnancy.
- Over 118 districts reported high percentage of teenage pregnancies and are mostly concentrated in Bihar (19), West Bengal (15), Assam (13), Maharashtra (13), Jharkhand (10), Andhra Pradesh (7), and Tripura (4)
- Additionally, over 44% of the districts in India reported high percentage of women marrying before they reach the age of 18.
- India is the second largest country in the world.
- The country’s population is expected to continue to grow until mid-century (due to population momentum), however, the population growth will decline substantially
- India’s population has reached 136.3 crore (1.36 billion) and is expected to reach 147.9 crore (1.47 billion) by 2031 and further 152.2 crore (1.52 billion) by 2036.
- Also the adolescent population will reach 22.9 crore (229 million) by 2031 and further 22 crore (220 million) by 2036.
- The youth population in the age-group of 15-24 increased from 23.3 crore (233 million) in 2011 to 25.2 crore (252 million) in 2021 and will now decline to reach at 23.4 crore (234 million) in 2031 and further reach 22.9 crore (229 million) in 2036
A priority area
- The document notes that although there has been a steady decline in teenage childbearing, from 7.9% in the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) to 6.8% (in the NFHS-5) it remains a priority area that requires to be addressed, especially since India will continue to have one of the youngest populations in the world until 2030.
Must Read: National Family Health Survey
Source: The Hindu
Previous Year Question
Q.1) As per the NSSO 70th Round “Situation Assessment Survey of Agricultural Households”, consider the following statements
- Rajasthan has the highest percentage share of agricultural households among its rural households.
- Out of the total agricultural households in the country, a little over 60 percent belong to OBCs.
- In Kerala, a little over 60 percent of agricultural households are reported to have received maximum income from sources other than agricultural activities.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
- 2 and 3 only
- 2 only
- 1 and 3 only
- 1, 2 and 3