n News: The Global Gender Gap Index for 2022 was released by the World Economic Forum.
Global Gender Gap Index
- It benchmarks the current state and evolution of gender parity across four key dimensions
- Economic Participation and Opportunity,
- Educational Attainment,
- Health and Survival, and
- Political Empowerment
- On each of the four sub-indices as well as on the overall index the GGG index provides scores between 0 and 1, where 1 shows full gender parity and 0 is complete imparity.
- The cross-country comparisons aim to support the identification of the most effective policies to close gender gaps
- Although no country achieved full gender parity, the top 10 economies closed at least 80% of their gender gaps, with Iceland (90.8%) leading the global ranking.
- Iceland is followed by Finland (86%, 2nd), Norway (84.5%, 3rd), New Zealand (84.1%, 4th), Sweden (82.2%, 5th), Rwanda (81.1%, 6th), Nicaragua (81%, 7th), Namibia (80.7%, 8th), Ireland (80.4%, 9th) and Germany (80.1%, 10th).
- India was ranked at 135 out of 146 countries
- India has approximately 662 million (or 66.2 crore) women.
- In 2022, India’s overall score has improved from 0.625 (in 2021) to 0.629.
- India’s score of 0.629 is its seventh-highest score in the last 16 years.
- India ranked poorly among its neighbours and is behind Bangladesh (71), Nepal (96), Sri Lanka (110), Maldives (117) and Bhutan (126).
- Only Iran (143), Pakistan (145) and Afghanistan (146) perform worse than India in south Asia.
How India stands on different sub-indices:
- This includes metrics such as the percentage of women in Parliament, the percentage of women in ministerial positions etc.
- Of all the sub-indices, this is where India ranks the highest (48th out of 146).
Economic Participation and Opportunity
- This includes metrics such as the percentage of women who are part of the labour force, wage equality for similar work, earned income etc
- India ranks a lowly 143 out of the 146 countries in contention even though its score has improved over 2021 from 0.326 to 0.350.
- This sub-index includes metrics such as literacy rate and the enrolment rates in primary, secondary and tertiary education. Here India ranks 107th out of 146.
Health and Survival
- This includes two metrics: the sex ratio at birth and healthy life expectancy. In this metric, India is ranked the last (146) among all the countries.
Source: Indian Express
Previous Year Question
Q.1) The Global Competitiveness Report is published by the (2019)
- International Monetary Fund
- United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
- World Economic Forum
- World Bank
Q.2) Rule of Law Index” is released by which of the following? (2018)
- Amnesty International
- International Court of Justice
- The office of UN Commissioner for Human Rights
- World Justice Project