In news: The latest Climate Change Performance Index has put India eighth amongst a group of 59 countries and the European Union (which account for 92% of the total GHG emissions)
- Denmark and Sweden have been assessed to be the top performers this year as well.
- The UK has been ranked 11, Germany 16, while China and the United States are placed at 51st and 52nd ranks respectively (China has dropped 13 places).
- Published annually since 2005, it tracks countries’ efforts to combat climate change.
- Germanwatch, the NewClimate Institute and the Climate Action Network publish the index.
- It aims to enhance transparency in international climate politics and enables comparison of climate protection efforts and progress made by individual countries.
- The national performances are assessed based on 14 indicators in the following four categories:
- GHG emissions (weighting 40%)
- Renewable energy (weighting 20%)
- Energy use (weighting 20%)
- Climate policy (weighting 20%)
About India’s performance:
- India moved up two ranks.
- India earns a high rating in the GHG Emissions and Energy Use categories, with a medium for Climate Policy and Renewable Energy.
- The country is on track to meet its 2030 emissions targets (compatible with a well-below 2-degree Celsius scenario). However, the renewable energy pathway is not on track for the 2030 target.
- India’s upgraded NDC (nationally determined contributions)
- net zero target for 2070.
- at least 50 per cent of its electricity generation in 2030 from renewable energy sources (up from 40 per cent earlier)
- cuts in emissions intensity, 45 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030, instead of the 33-35 per cent which was the earlier target.
- India’s climate actions were still not consistent with the 1.5-degree Celsius goal since India has plans to increase its oil and gas production by over 5 per cent by 2030.
Source: Indian Express