Context: Greater conservation efforts are needed to protect Antarctic ecosystems, and the populations of up to 97 per cent of land-based Antarctic species could decline by 2100 including emperor penguins if we don’t change tack, a new research has found.
About Emperor Penguin
- The emperor penguin is the tallest and heaviest of all living penguin species and is endemic to Antarctica.
- Like all penguins, it is flightless.
- Its diet consists primarily of fish, but also includes crustaceans.
- While hunting, the species can remain submerged around 20 minutes.
- It is the only penguin species that breeds during the Antarctic winter.
- The lifespan is typically 20 years in the wild, although observations suggest that some individuals may live to 50 years of age.
- IUCN status: Near threatened
Previous Year Question
Q.1) Certain species of which one of the following organisms are well known as cultivators of fungi? (2022)