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Man-Animal conflict

  • IASbaba
  • December 3, 2022
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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In news: An eight-member team from Chinnakkanal under Munnar forest division has been instrumental in bringing down the incidents of man-animal conflict and in ensuring the protection of wild elephants in the region

  • The Wildlife Trust of India has selected the team for its award this year.
  • The award will be presented at ‘Aa Aana’, a month-long exhibition to be held at Fort Kochi.
  • 42 people have lost their lives in wild elephant attacks in the Munnar wildlife division since 2010.

Human-wildlife conflict:

  • When encounters between humans and wildlife lead to negative results, such as loss of property, livelihoods, and even life.
  • Threat: Defensive and retaliatory killing may eventually drive these species to extinction

Types:

  • Destruction of animal habitats due to encroachment of forest land and revenge killing and poaching of carnivore animals.
  • Roadkill, resulting in the deaths of many small wildlife animals.

Causes

  • Human population growth, agricultural expansion, infrastructure development, climate change and other drivers of habitat loss.

Mitigation:

  • Creating barriers, deploying deterrents, or moving wildlife.
  • Eco-bridges
  • Animal corridors

Wildlife Trust of India (WTI):

  • It is an Indian nature conservation organisation.
  • Formed in 1998 in response to the many crises confronting India’s wildlife and wild habitats.
  • It is registered as a charitable trust.
  • Motto: In service of nature

Source: The Hindu

 

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