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Wassenaar arrangement

  • IASbaba
  • December 6, 2022
  • 0
Governance
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In news: India to assume chairmanship of Wassenaar arrangement on 1 Jan 2023

  • India has also assumed the presidency of the UNSC.

Wassenaar arrangement:

  • Established in 1996
  • It is a voluntary multilateral export control regime.
  • Member states exchange information on various issues like transfer of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies.
  • India became a member of the Arrangement in 2017.

Aim:

  • To promote “greater responsibility” and transparency among its members in exports of weapons and dual-use goods.
  • Controlling the movement of technology, material or components to countries or entities which undermine international security and stability.
  • To prevent “destabilizing accumulations”

Procedure:

  • Wassenaar members lack veto authority over other member’s proposed exports.
  • Its predecessor was the Cold War-era Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls (COCOM), which was created to restrict exports to the former Soviet Union and Eastern bloc.
  • The plenary comprising all 42 countries of the group, is the primary decision-making body and is chaired on a rotation basis annually.
  • The decisions of the plenary are taken by consensus.

Significance:

  • India would be able to prevent arms diversion to terrorists or to sovereign nations supporting terrorism.
  • India could play a significant role in democratising access to technologies and processes that can serve as crucial building blocks for the newly emerging defence and space manufacturing sectors in India.
  • India is slowly emerging as a low-cost producer of several items in the WA’s control lists.
  • Establishing the credibility of the country as a responsible stakeholder in the global non-proliferation architecture.

Source: NewsOnAir

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) What is/are the consequence/consequences of a country becoming the member of the ‘Nuclear Suppliers Group’? (2018)

  1. It will have access to the latest and most efficient nuclear technologies.
  2. It automatically becomes a member of “The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)”.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

 

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