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Atmanirbharta for New India

  • IASbaba
  • January 20, 2023
  • 0
Governance
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Context: The AatmaNirbharta has evolved as a new model of sustainable development for India as a learning Nation which has unity in diversity.

About Atmanirbharta:

  • The meaning of the term ‘Aatmanirbhar Bharat’ is self-reliant India.
  • In his speech, the Prime Minister observed that to fulfil the dream of making the 21st century India’s, the way forward is through ensuring that the country becomes self-reliant.
  • The aim is to make the country and its citizens independent and self-reliant.
  • Five pillars of Aatma Nirbhar Bharat are

  • Economy: contemplates not an Incremental change but a quantum leap so that we can convert the current adversity into an advantage.
  • Infrastructure: that can be an image of modern India or it can be the identity of India.
  • Systems: driven by 21st-century technology, and that is not based on old rules.
  • Democracy: a vibrant democracy that is the source of energy to make India self-reliant.
  • Demand: where the strength of our demand and supply chain is utilized intelligently.

Significance of Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

  • Self-reliance will make globalization human-centric.
  • The definition of self-reliance has changed in a globalized world and it is different from being self-centred.
  • India’s fundamental thinking and tradition of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” provides a ray of hope to the world.
  • This should be seen in the context of Human-Centric Globalization versus Economy Centralized Globalization.
  • Self-reliance does not mean cutting India off from the world.
  • India believes in the welfare of the world and India’s progress is linked with the world.
  • The world trusts that India has a lot to contribute to the development of the entire humanity.

Challenges associated with current trends in development:

  • The economy is already struggling with a low number of jobs and the job situation in the country is poised to face severe damage due to the pandemic.
  • India’s low state capacity, poor healthcare infrastructure, and highly populated urban centres have left it particularly affected by the pandemic, which has weighed further on the economy.
  • If the government does not undertake the opening of various sectors to private enterprises, ease overbearing regulation, and privatise loss-making PSUs, India’s manufacturing sector will become further uncompetitive.
    • This would make future governments averse to opening up the economy again.
  • Schemes like more protectionist trade stance and any increase in tariff rates for imports may lead to punitive tariffs or the revocation of trade benefits from its partners.
  • Insufficient support for the state governments – the state governments which are at the forefront of fighting the pandemic have not been supported adequately via fund transfers.

Suggestive measures:

  • This is a time when the legitimate aspirations of the diverse peoples of our country need to be reconciled self-reliant India working for Vasudaiva Kutumbakam.
  • Atmanirbharta should be seen as a means for regaining India’s share in the global economy while simultaneously improving the quality of life for the common Indian.
    • It will require a huge concerted effort from all stakeholders to restore India’s share in global trade to pre-colonial levels.
  • Achieving global scales of production, improving the quality of our services to world standards and promoting goal-oriented R and D are efforts that will yield the desired goal of a higher share in global trade and manufacturing.
  • No nation can progress without engaging its citizens in the development process. Citizenship is not just about participating in the electoral process.
    • It is also about enlightening oneself with information, engaging with the state and its agencies and operating with a sense of empowerment.
  • India has performed well in producing new knowledge, the focus should be now on harnessing this knowledge for economic growth.

Source:  Indian Express

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