Pallas’s Cat

  • IASbaba
  • February 1, 2023
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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Context: First time, Pallas’s cat has been discovered on Mount Everest in the Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal.

About Pallas’s Cat:

  • The Pallas’s cat (Otocolobus manul ), also known as the manul, is a small wild cat with long and dense light grey fur.
  • Its rounded ears are set low on the sides of the head.
  • It is well camouflaged and adapted to the cold continental climate in its native range, which receives little rainfall and experiences a wide range of temperatures.
  • The Pallas’s cat has rounded rather than vertical slit pupils, a unique feature among small cats.
  • It has been recorded across a large areal extent, albeit in widely spaced sites in the Caucasus, Iranian Plateau, Hindu Kush, parts of the Himalayas, Tibetan Plateau, Altai-Sayan region and South Siberian Mountains.
  • It inhabits rocky montane grasslands and shrublands, where the snow cover is below 15–20 cm (6–8 in).
  • It finds shelter in rock crevices and burrows, and preys foremost on lagomorphs and rodents.
  • The female gives birth to between two and six kittens in spring.
  • Conservation Status:
    • IUCN: Least concern
    • CITES: Appendix II

About Sagarmatha National Park

  • Sagarmatha is an exceptional area with dramatic mountains, glaciers and deep valleys, dominated by Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world (8,848 m) in the Solu-Khumbu district of Nepal.
  • The park is home to several rare species such as the snow leopard and the red panda.
  • A well-known destination for mountain tourism SNP was gazetted in 1976 and with over 2,500 Sherpa people living within the park has combined nature and culture since its inception.
  • The carefully preserved natural heritage and the dramatic beauty of the high, geologically young mountains and glaciers were recognized by UNESCO with the inscription of the park as a world heritage site in 1979.

Source Down To Earth

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) With reference to “Gucchi” sometimes mentioned in the news, consider the following statements:

  1. It is a fungus.
  2. It grows in some Himalayan forest areas.
  3. It is commercially cultivated in the Himalayan foothills of north-eastern India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct? (2022)

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 2
  4. 2 and 3

Q.2) With reference to India’s biodiversity, Ceylon Frogmouth, Coppersmith Barbet, Gray Chinned Minivet and White-throated Redstart are  (2020)

  1. Birds
  2. Primates
  3. Reptiles
  4. Amphibians


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