• IASbaba
  • February 1, 2023
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In News: Scientists have uncovered a new thalattosuchian—an ancient “cousin” of modern-day crocodiles—which could be the oldest of its kind ever discovered.


  • It is an ancient “cousin” of modern-day crocodiles—which could be the oldest of its kind ever discovered.
  • The fossils uncovered on the Jurassic Coast in the United Kingdom include part of the head, backbone, and limbs of Turnersuchus hingleyae.
  • Due to their relatively long, slender snouts, it is likely that they would have looked similar to the currently living gharial crocodiles.
  • Gharial crocodiles are usually found in the major river systems of Northern India.
  • Though thalattosuchians’ skulls looked similar to gharial crocodiles, they were constructed differently.
  • The region of the skull housing jaw muscles was particularly large in the species, suggesting that they had enlarged jaw muscles that made fast bites possible.
  • This would have been useful considering that most of their prey were probably fast-moving fish and cephalopods like squids and octopuses.
  • The newly-discovered fossils of Turnersuchus hingleyae represent the only complete Thalattosuchian of its age and date back to the early Jurassic, Pliensbachian period, which was about 185 million years ago
  • Thalattosuchians and other crocodile-like animals could have originated around 15 million years farther than Turnersuchus.
  • No expedition has found Thalattosuchians in Triassic rockets yet, which means that there is a ghost lineage. This means there is a group that existed, but they do not yet have fossil evidence.
  • Until the discovery of the latest fossil, this ghost lineage extended from the end of the Triassic period till the Toarcian period. But now, it has been reduced by a few million years.

Source: Indian express


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