Lithium reserves in India

  • IASbaba
  • March 3, 2023
  • 0
Geography, Science and Technology
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Context:  After recent news about the commercial exploration of  lithium in Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka is looking forward to similar possibilities  regarding the lithium reserves in its Mandya district.

About Lithium:

  • Lithium is the lightest metal found on earth.
  • It belongs to the  Alkali metal family.
  • Its density is almost half of that of water.

Uses of Lithium :

  • The body of planes and fighter jets is made from lithium.
  • The batteries in mobile phones and smartwatches are made from lithium.
  • Button cells in clocks are made from lithium too.
  • Lithium is considered a strategic element because of its use in batteries used in Electric Vehicles (EVs).
  • It is also used to make alloys with aluminum and magnesium.

Medicinal Uses

  • Lithium element is used in medication for the treatment of bipolar disorder
  • It is also used as an antidepressant.

About Lithium reserves in India : 

  • The discovery of lithium has been made in the Jammu and Kashmir region of India.
  • This is the first major lithium reserve that has been found in India.
  • Previously, a survey led by the Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research showed the presence of lithium resources in the Marlagalla area of Karnataka’s Mandya district.

Global Lithium Reserves:

  • Three nations of South AmericaBolivia, Chile, and Argentina have rich resources of lithium.
  • They are collectively referred to as the ‘Lithium Triangle’.
  • China controls 77% of global lithium-ion battery manufacturing currently.


Previous Year Questions

Q.1) With reference to India, consider the following statements: (2022)

  1. Monazite is a source of rare earth.
  2. Monazite contains thorium.
  3. Monazite occurs naturally in the entire Indian coastal sands in India.
  4. In India, Government bodies only can process or export monazite.

Which of the statements given above is correct?

  1. 1, 2, and 3 only
  2. 1, 2, and 4 only
  3. 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q.2) Consider the following minerals: (2020)

  1. Bentonite
  2. Chromite
  3. Kyanite
  4. Sillimanite

In India, which of the above is/are officially designated as major minerals?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 4 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 2, 3 and 4 only


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