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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 ENVIRONMENT & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 18]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 18]

 


Q.1) Which of the following is/are legally binding?

  1. Nagoya Protocol
  2. Convention on Biological Diversity
  3. Paris Agreement on Climate Change

Select the correct code

a) Only 2

b) 1 and 2

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) 1 and 3


 Q.2) Which among the following can effectively be examples of ‘Secondary Succession’?

  1. Formation of a new Island after volcanic eruption
  2. The renewal of a forest after a fire
  3. A flooded land
  4. The renewal of a crop after harvesting

Select the correct option

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 2, 3 and 4

c) 1, 3 and 4

d) All 


3) Consider the following with regard to National Green Tribunal (NGT)

  1. NGT is bound by procedure laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908
  2. He tribunal has Original as well as Appellate jurisdiction
  3. Tribunal is competent to hear cases for several acts such as Forest Right Act, Biological Diversity Act, Environment (Protection) Act, Water & Air (Prevention & control of Pollution) Acts.

Select the incorrect code

a) 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3


Q.4) Consider the following statements about the ‘Green India Mission’ (GIM). Its mission is/are

  1. To increase forest/tree cover to the extent of 5 million hectares
  2. To enhance ecosystem services like timber and non-timber produce
  3. To enhance provisioning services like carbon sequestration, hydrological services and biodiversity

Identify the incorrect statement/s

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) Only 1

d) 1 and 3


Q.5) Loss of biodiversity in a region may lead to

  1. Decline in plant production
  2. Increased resistance to environmental perturbations such as drought
  3. Decreased variability in certain ecosystem processes such as plant productivity, water use, and pest and disease cycles

Select the correct statement/s

a) 1 and 2

b) Only 3

c) Only 1

d) Only 2


Q.6) Consider the following assumptions regarding Pugmark method

  1. The entire potential tiger habitat in India had to be effectively covered during the pugmark census.
  2. All the four paw prints of every individual tiger in the surveyed area had to be detected during the censuses.
  3. The same hind pugmark of each one of these individual tigers must be lifted from suitable and comparable substrates or from standardized soil track-plots.
  4. The shape of each pugmark lifted had to be recorded without distortion by the thousands of census personnel involved in the operation.
  5. Supervisory officials were expected to be subsequently able to segregate the pugmarks of each individual tiger correctly, based on footprint shape, track measurements, and prior local knowledge.

Select the appropriate code

a) Failure of assumptions 1 and 2 would lead to under-counts

b) Failure of assumptions 3 and 4 would lead to over-counts

c) Failure of assumption 5 could lead to either undercounts or over-counts.

d) a, b and c holds true


Q.7) Consider the following about South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network

  1. India is a formal member of SAWEN
  2. SAWEN, South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network is an initiative to control the transboundary Wildlife Crime

Select the correct statement/s

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both

d) None 


 Q.8) Consider the following regarding Bharat Stage (BS) Emission Norms in India

  1. Currently, India is following BS IV Norms
  2. India has planned to implement BS V norms from 2019
  3. BS VI, particulate matter emission for diesel cars and nitrogen oxide levels are expected to be substantially higher than in BS IV.

Select the incorrect code

a) 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) 2 and 3

d) Only 3


Q.9) Consider the following countries

  1. Myanmar
  2. Vietnam
  3. China
  4. Philippines
  5. Malaysia

Mekong river flows through which of the above given countries?

a) 1,2,3 &4

b) 1,2,3 and 5 only

c) 1,2 and 3 only

d) 2&4 only


Q.10) Consider the following

  1. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) insures people working in organised sector only
  2. As per this scheme organised sector worker and his family (unit of five) will be covered with total sum of 30,000/- per family per annum

Select the correct option

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.11) Consider the following

  1. Sikkim is the first organic state in India
  2. India’s highest peak Kanchenjunga is located in the state of Sikkim
  3. River Teesta flows through Sikkim

Select the correct option with respect to the state of Sikkim

a) 1, 2 & 3

b) 1 & 2 only

c) 2 & 3 only

d) 1 & 3 only


Q.12) Consider the following statements regarding Zika Virus

  1. It is named after the Zika forest in Ethiopia
  2. The mosquitoes that spread dengue and chikungunya viruses are the same affecting Zika virus
  3. It can be spread through sexual contact

Select the correct code

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) Only 2

d) 1, 2 and 3


Q.13) Consider the following statements with respect to “Spaceward bound programme”

  1. Spaceward bound programme is a project by NASA
  2. The objective is to train the next generation of space explorers.
  3. India has joined hands with NASA in this experiment to conduct microbiological expeditions in places like Ladakh that has  extreme climatic conditions

Select the correct option

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) All


Q.14) Corruption perception index is a report released by which of the following international organisations

a) World bank

b) Transparency international

c) United Nations development programme

d) Amnesty international


Q.15) Nai Manzil is a government of India scheme related to development of which of the following

a) Skill development

b) Recapitalisation of banks

c) Health

d) Tourism


Q.16) Mobile academy, IT initiative of government of India is related to which of the following option

a) It’s a mobile-based application aimed at providing training services to 9 million ASHAs.

b) It will be an IT-enabled tool to help tobacco users to quit tobacco.

c) It is an audio-based mobile service that delivers weekly audio messages to families about pregnancy, child birth and child care.

d) It is a Mobile based application for filing quick IT returns 


Q.17) The “Red Data List” published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of 

  1. Information on plants, fungi and animals
  2. Information on plants and animals only
  3. It divides species into Six categories

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

a) 1 and 3

b) 1, 2 and 3

c) Only 3

d) Only 1


Q.18) Sacred groves are, tracts of forest were set aside, and all the trees and wildlife within were venerated and given total protection. Sacred groves are found in following places

  1. Melghat – Maharashtra
  2. Aravalli – Rajasthan
  3. Western ghats – Karnataka and Maharashtra
  4. Sarguja, Chanda and Bastar – Madhya Pradesh

Select the correct answers

a) 1, 3 and 4 only

b) 2, 3 and 4 only

c) None of the above

d) All of the above


Q.19) Which of the floral groups are not found in India?

  1. Algae
  2. Fungi
  3. Bacteria
  4. Lichens
  5. Bryophytes
  6. Pteridophytes
  7. Gymnosperms
  8. Angiosperms

Select the correct answers

a) 6 only

b) 6, 7 and 8 only

c) 5, 6, and 8

d) All of the above are found in India 


Q.20) What is common to the techniques (i) in vitro fertilisation, (ii) Cryo preservation and (iii) tissue culture?

a) All are in situ conservation methods.

b) All are ex situ conservation methods.

c) All require ultra-modern equipment and large space.

d) All are methods of conservation of extinct organisms.


Q.21) Consider the following statements about Biodiversity

  1. In biosphere diversity exists only at species level, genes level and ecological level.
  2. It is the term popularized by socio biologist Robert May.
  3. The Western Ghats have a greater amphibian species diversity than the Eastern Ghats

Select the incorrect answer:

a) 1 only

b) Only 1 and 2

c) Only 1, 2 and 3

d) All of the above 


Q.22) Consider following statements about IUCN RED LIST

  1. It uses a set of criteria which are not relevant to all species and all regions of the world.
  2. The IUCN Red List is recognized as the most authoritative guide to the status of biological diversity.

Select the correct answers

a) Only 1

b) Only 2

c) Both

d) None


Q.23) Consider the following statements

  1. Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve has been included in UNESCO’s list of World Biosphere Reserve Network.
  2. Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve rests in between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka
  3. Kannikarans are the indigenous tribes residing in this area

Select the incorrect answer

a) 2 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) None of the above


Q.24) The ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth’s ecosystems. It measures-

  1. How much of the biological capacity of the planet is demanded by a given human activity or population
  2. Ecological Footprints is calculated for overall activity of a nation or population and activities such as industrialization etc.
  3. The disadvantage of Ecological Footprint is that it cannot be calculated for individual people or area.

Select the incorrect statement/s

a) 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) 1 and 3

d) Only 3 


Q.25) Consider the statements regarding ‘Coral bleaching’

  1. It is the loss of zooxanthellae through either expulsion or loss of algal pigmentation.
  2. It happens due to increase in ocean temperature only
  3. All the corals undergoing bleaching are dead corals

Select the correct code

a) 1 and 3

b) Only 2

c) Only 1

d) 2 and 3


 

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