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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 ENVIRONMENT & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 36]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 36]

 


Q.1) Consider the following

  1. Sikkim
  2. Assam
  3. Arunachal Pradesh
  4. Manipur

Arrange N-E States as per the percentage of ‘Total Wetland Area’ in decreasing order

a) 2-3-4-1

b) 1-2-3-4

c) 1-3-2-4

d) 3-4-2-1 


Q.2) Global Environmental Facility (GEF) grants are available under five focal areas. Identify the areas

  1. Soil Degradation
  2. International Waters
  3. Climate Change
  4. Energy
  5. Land Degradation
  6. Chemicals and Waste
  7. Biodiversity

Select the correct code

a) 1, 3, 4, 5, 6

b) 2, 3, 4, 6 and 7

c) 1, 3, 5, 6 and 7

d) 2, 3, 5, 6 and 7


Q.3) Consider the following about Classical Smog

  1. It occurs in hot humid climate
  2. It is a mixture of smoke, fog, carbon dioxide and sulphur dioxide
  3. It is also called as Oxidizing Smog

Select the correct codes

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) None


Q.4) Consider the following statements

  1. A Swamp is a Wetland that is forested
  2. Myristica swamps are tropical fresh water swamp forests found in Kerala and Karnataka
  3. Swamps serve vital roles in flood protection and nutrient removal

Select the correct code

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3


Q.5) ‘Thermal pollution is the dumping of heat into ecological systems like rivers, lakes, ponds, ocean etc. which degrades the water quality’. Consider the following statements regarding the same.

  1. It will decrease the metabolic activities of aquatic animals
  2. Reproduction among aquatic animals will increase.
  3. Bacterial activity will be limited in the water system
  4. High temperature will increase the dispersion of oxygen into deeper waters thus leading to aerobic condition.

Select the incorrect statement/s

a) 1, 2, 3, 4

b) 2 and 3

c) 3 and 4

d) None


Q.6) Consider the following regarding ‘UN Man and Biosphere Programme (MAB)’

  1. This is a part of UNESCO’s preservation of cultural heritage efforts
  2. They form a part of Global Network under UN Biosphere World Network
  3. Madrid Action Plan is associated with MAB

Select the correct code

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All


Q.7) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Kyoto Protocol and Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)’

  1. Kyoto Protocol is a legal but non-enforceable protocol
  2. CDM is one of the flexible mechanisms defined in Kyoto Protocol
  3. One crucial pre-condition of CDM is that the new projects should be in addition to those which were already planned, so as to promote genuine new projects only which aim at reducing emission. This is known as additionality clause.

Select the correct code

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All


Q.8) Consider the following w.r.t the achievements of ‘National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency’

  1. Implementation of the Compact Fluorescent Lamp Programme.
  2. Green technologies – Fiscal support, innovation, easier financing for green technologies.
  3. Encouraging super critical thermal plants
  4. Development in technology for Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)

Select the correct code

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 2, 3 and 4

c) 1, 2 and 4

d) All


Q.9) Consider the following

  1. Uzbekistan
  2. Turkmenistan
  3. Kazakhstan

Which of the above countries are bordering Aral Sea?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All


Q.10) Consider the following

  1. Lake Baikal
  2. Lake Rukwa
  3. Lake Balkhash

Which of the above lakes are found in Asia?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All 


Q.11) Consider the following

  1. Brown field projects
  2. Greenfield projects
  3. Stalled projects

Which of the above kind of projects is/are not covered under National Investment and Infrastructure Fund?

a) All

b) 1 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) 1 and 3 only


Q.12) Consider the following with respect toVidyanjali’ scheme

  1. The scheme is being implemented under the overall aegis of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
  2. The programme has been envisaged to bring together people willing to volunteer their services at schools which really need them
  3. It is implemented by Ministry of Home affairs

Select the correct statements

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All


Q.13) Consider the following statements

  1. Food produced from organic farming has high nutritional values
  2. Organic farming promotes the use of crop rotations and cover crops
  3. Use of pesticides are strictly prohibited under Organic farming

Select the incorrect code

a) 1 and 2

b) Only 1

c) 1 and 3

d) Only 3


Q.14) Consider the following statements:

  1. Clean Energy Cess is a kind of Carbon tax levied in India as a duty of excise on coal, Lignite and peat.
  2. In Budget of 2016-17, the Cess has been increased to Rs 100 per tonne on coal production.
  3. The ‘Clean Energy Cess’ has been renamed as ‘Swatch Bharat Cess’.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 2

d) None of the above


Q.15) Which of the following statements are correct about a ‘Community’ in terms of levels of organization in ecology?

  1. A community is the name given to a group of organisms of a single species.
  2. Communities in most instances are named after dominant plant species.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.16) Nitrogen gas forms 78% of the earth’s environment. Which of the following statements are correct about atmospheric Nitrogen?

  1. It creates an inert environment in atmosphere. If Nitrogen is not present, Oxygen would react violently and oxidize(burn) carbon and other elements.
  2. Nitrogen adds mass to air and helps in maintaining atmospheric pressure.
  3. Nitrogen is taken up by humans through respiration from the atmosphere which helps in building of amino acids and proteins.
  4. Some plants have the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen with the help of bacteria.

Select the code from below:

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 2,3 and 4

c) 1,2 and 4

d) All of the above


Q.17) Consider the following statements:

  1. Phagocytosis, process by which certain living cells called phagocytes ingest or engulf other cells or particles.
  2. The phagocyte may be a free-living one-celled organism, such as an amoeba, or one of the body cells, such as a white blood cell.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.18) Which of the following statements are correct about the ‘Niche’ of the species?

  1. A niche is a unique functional role or place of a specie in an ecosystem.
  2. It is a description of all the biological, physical and chemical factors that specie needs to survive, reproduce and stay healthy.
  3. Two or more species can have exact identical niches.

Select the code from below:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.19) Which of the following statements are incorrect about ecotones?

  1. It is a transition zone between two ecosystems with characteristics of adjacent ecosystems.
  2. Well-developed ecotones can have entirely different species from that of adjoining communities.
  3. Sometimes the number of species and the population density of some of the species is much less in this zone than either community. This is called the edge effect.

Select the code from following:

a) 1 and 2

b) 3 only

c) 2 and 3

d) None of the above


Q.20) Consider the following statements:

  1. Aquatic ecosystems are not called Biomes.
  2. Lotic water systems are fresh water ecosystems with stagnant water like pools, ponds, lakes etc.
  3. Lentic water bodies are fresh water ecosystems with moving water like streams, rivers, waterfalls etc.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 only

d) None of the above


Q.21) Consider the following statements regarding estuaries:

  1. Estuaries are located at the river mouth, where river meets the sea.
  2. Estuary has very little wave action. So it provides a calm refuge to sea and also shelter to many aquatic organisms.
  3. It is the most productive region as it receives nutrients both from the rivers and the sea.
  4. Predators are absent in estuaries.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 2,3 and 4

c) 1,3 and 4

d) All of the above


Q.22) Bioremediation is the use of microorganisms to degrade the environmental contaminants into less harmful forms. Consider the following about In-Situ Bioremediation:

  1. Bioventing: Supplying air through well into contaminated soil to stimulate the growth of indigenous bacteria. It is used for simple hydrocarbons and can be used when contamination is deep under surface.
  2. Biosparging: injection of air under pressure below the water table to increase the ground water oxygen concentration and enhance the rate of biological degradation of contaminants through indigenous bacteria.
  3. Bioaugmentation: microorganisms are imported to a contaminated site to enhance degradation.

Which of the above terms are correctly defined?

a) 1 and 2

b) 3 only

c) 2 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.23) Consider the following attributes of Mangroves

  1. It is a glycophypte
  2. It has aerial roots
  3. Buffer zone between land and sea
  4. West Bengal has the highest mangrove cover in India

Select the correct code

a) 1,2 and 3

b) 1,2 and 4

c) 2,3 and 4

d) 1,3 and 4


Q.24) What are the factors that affect the Rate of Decomposition?

  1. Social Activity or Environment
  2. Oxygen Level
  3. Moisture Level
  4. Soil pH
  5. Temperature

Select the correct code

a) 1, 2, 4 and 5

b) 1, 2, 3 and 5

c) 2, 3, 4 and 5

d) 1, 3, 4 and 5


Q.25) Which of the following terms defines ‘a transition between two biological communities?

a) Ecotone

b) Ecotope

c) Ecological Backlash

d) Ecoline


 

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