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IASbaba’s 60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2017 Environment and Current Affairs [Day 18]

IASbaba Prelims 60 Days Plan, IASbaba's 60 Days Plan 2017
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Hello Friends

So, here we are with the 18th Day of 60 Days Plan. It is the third edition of 60 Days program but seems like the first one because of the excitement involved everywhere, including us 🙂

We are equally excited and pumped. Our Team is working hard to make you realize your dream. Do not take it insincerely and let us down. Your faith and participation has to be in sync with the amount of hard work and effort we do.

Let us pledge to make it a big game changer (better than last year) in the next 60 days!


Importance of Self – Tracking: Learning from Last Year

Last year, aspirants used to comment their answers in the comment box on daily basis. There were huge participation in discussion. Putting answers in comment box has been very effective to self track yourself after updating the score. In the end you can cross check your performance through disqus profile.

It was highly effective in the last edition of 60 Days that propelled aspirants to monitor their performance and learn through discussion. Let you solve these questions with full honesty and write your result in the comment box. Interact with peers to know your mistakes.

The importance of this initiative stands time bound and aggressive reverse engineering to learn the concepts. Many of you must be busy with your own strategy but let us tell you honestly that in the last two months, it is very important to revise and consolidate your learning. Just reading won’t suffice.

So, take out few hours from your schedule and make it a revision exercise.

How you can make the best use of it?

Be honest to your effort and do not start competing with XYZ aspirants here just for the sake of marks. It is more important for you to introspect and check your learning than focusing on others. Try to answer the questions in 20 minutes only. 

Do not get into negative feeling that I don’t have enough knowledge to answer these questions. Feel like you are taking the real exam. What would be your response then?

The same will be replicated in UPSC exam. Here, you get marks only and nothing else matters. So make effort to know the answers of all questions. Do not cheat 😛

Baba’s Gyan for REVISION

Many of you, almost all, asks about effective revision strategy! Can there be any?

Let us tell you something Baba does 😀 

You guys study a lot and there is no issue with the hard work that has been put in. But when it comes to input-output comparison, your performance is questionable.

What to do?

Just do this for a Week: Go to bed before stipulated time of your sleep, at least 1 hour before. Close your eyes and try to relax your mind. You should attain full comfort and calmness.

Do this on the First Day: Imagine the full story of a recent movie that you have watched. Try to recollect from starting to end. See, whether you are able to depict the clear picture or not!

Now, do the same for everything you learnt from morning specially the ones you struggled with. Since it is fresh, most of the things should flow into your mind smoothly. Check what is your recollecting capacity.

For example, if you prepared Polity Day 2: Topics- Try to collect all important concepts and learning of the day.

Trust us, this exercise if done with sincerity will give you immense confidence as well as boost your performance. There is no ideal time for revision and there cannot be any specific date put for it, as commonly done.

This will always expose your weaknesses the very same day and if you tend to forget something, can always get back to consolidate and cement it.

REPEAT IT FOR A WEEK & SEE THE MAGIC 😀 

Must to Do: Read the detailed article regarding Micro Analysis Matrix and follow the guidelines- Click Here

Try to hold your nerves and learn to control the temptation. This is very important art to learn and implement!

Are you ready? Let’s start

[Day 18]: ENVIRONMENT & CURRENT AFFAIRS 

ARCHIVES

Q.1) Consider the following

  1. Grassland
  2. Wetland
  3. Mangroves
  4. Estuary
  5. Riparian Zone

Which of the above are Ecotone Regions or Transitional Zones?

  1. 2, 3 and 4
  2. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
  4. 2, 4 and 5 

Q.2) You are trying to protect a National Park/Sanctuary from various pressures including a dam proposal and widening of a highway. Consider the following regarding this:

  1. You can directly approach National Green Tribunal in regard to your case
  2. You must have a lawyer to represent you for this case in front of National Green Tribunal

Which of the above is/are correct w.r.t rules and procedure to approach National Green Tribunal?

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both
  4. None

Q.3) Which of the following correctly defines ‘Bio-mining’?

  1. Use of genetic information of ores to extract minerals
  2. Extraction of minerals using enzymes
  3. Use of microorganisms in the recovery of minerals from ores
  4. Use of biomedical devices in the recovery of minerals from ores

Q.4) Certain special conditions which are necessary prerequisites for the growth and development of corals. Consider the following in this regard:

  1. For the growth and development of corals the surface temperature of the ocean must be below 20°C
  2. Shallow continental shelf
  3. Corals need saltwater to survive
  4. Low sediments
  5. If the salinity of the ocean water is very high, the lime content is bound to be low, which is favourable for the growth of corals

Select the correct code

  1. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 2, 3 and 4 only
  4. 2, 3 and 5 only

Q.5) With reference to food chains in ecosystems, consider the following statements:

  1. A food chain illustrates the order in which a chain of organisms feed upon each other.
  2. Food chains are found within the populations of a species.
  3. A food chain illustrates the numbers of each organism which are eaten by others.

Which of the statements given above is / are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 1, 2 and 3
  4. None

Q.6) The ecological footprint is a measure of human demand on the Earth’s ecosystems. It measures-

  1. How much of the biological capacity of the planet is demanded by a given human activity or population
  2. Ecological Footprints is calculated for overall activity of a nation or population and activities such as industrialization etc.
  3. The disadvantage of Ecological Footprint is that it cannot be calculated for individual people or area.

Select the incorrect statement/s

  1. 1 and 2
  2. Only 2
  3. 1 and 3
  4. Only 3

Q.7) Consider the statements regarding ‘Coral bleaching’

  1. It is the loss of zooxanthellae through either expulsion or loss of algal pigmentation.
  2. It happens due to increase in ocean temperature only
  3. All the corals undergoing bleaching are dead corals

Select the correct code

  1. 1 and 3
  2. Only 2
  3. Only 1
  4. 2 and 3

Q.8) Consider the following

  1. Ocean
  2. Grasslands
  3. Lakes
  4. Mangroves

Which one of the following is the correct sequence of ecosystems in the order of increasing productivity?

  1. Oceans, lakes, grasslands, mangroves
  2. Mangroves, oceans, grasslands, lakes
  3. Mangroves, grasslands, lakes, oceans
  4. Oceans, mangroves, lakes, grasslands

Q.9) Which of the floral groups are found in India?

  1. Lichens
  2. Bryophytes
  3. Pteridophytes
  4. Gymnosperms
  5. Angiosperms

Select the correct answers

  1. 1, 3 and 5 only
  2. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
  3. 1, 2 and 4 Only
  4. 1, 4 and 5 Only

Q.10) The migration pattern Amur Falcon, known to be one of the longest distances undertaken by migratory birds has been one of the interesting fields of research among scientists and ornithologists. Identify the regions where Amur Falcon travels during its migration?

  1. South Africa
  2. China
  3. Siberia
  4. Rajasthan
  5. Nagaland

Select the correct code

  1. 1, 2 and 5
  2. 2, 3, 4 and 5
  3. 2, 3 and 5
  4. 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Q.11) Bio-magnification refers to increase in concentration of a pollutant from one link in a food chain to another. Consider the conditions in order for bio-magnification to occur

  1. The pollutant must be short-lived
  2. The pollutant should be biologically active
  3. The pollutant must not be mobile
  4. The pollutant should have higher solubility in water

Which of the above are incorrect?

  1. 1, 3 and 4
  2. 1 Only
  3. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  4. None of the above

Q.12)  As per the notification of Ministry of Environment and Forests, the coastal land up to 500m from the High Tide Line (HTL) and a stage of 100m along banks of creeks, estuaries, backwater and rivers subject to tidal fluctuations, is called the Coastal Regulation Zone(CRZ). Consider the following regarding CRZ

  1. The area up to 200 metres from the High Tide Line is earmarked as No Development Zone
  2. Fishing and allied activities are permitted in CRZ-IV

Which of the above is/are correct?

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both
  4. None

Q.13) Which  of  the  following  are  the  methods  of ex-situ conservation?

  1. Biodiversity Hotspots
  2. Community Reserves
  3. Zoological Parks
  4. Gene Sanctuary
  5. Botanical Gardens
  6. Sacred Groves
  7. Seed banks

Select the correct code

  1. 2, 4, 5 and 6 only
  2. 2, 3, 4 and 7 only
  3. 1, 2, 4 and 7 only
  4. 3, 5 and 7 only

Q.14) Which among the following can effectively be examples of ‘Secondary Succession’? 

  1. Formation of a new Island after volcanic eruption
  2. The renewal of a forest after a fire
  3. A flooded land
  4. The renewal of a crop after harvesting

Select the correct option

  1. 1, 2 and 3
  2. 2, 3 and 4
  3. 1, 3 and 4
  4. All 

Q.15) Which of the following adds/add nitrogen to the soil?

  1. Excretion of urea by animals
  2. Burning of coal by man
  3. Death of vegetation

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.16) Consider the following statements about Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)

  1. All the members of BIMSTEC are members of Indian-Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
  2. Nepal and Bhutan have observer status in BIMSTEC

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.17) Consider the following statements about African – Asian Rural Development Organization (AARDO)

  1. India is one of the founding members of the AARDO
  2. It is headquartered in New Delhi
  3. It enjoys observer status with United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.18) Which of the following countries left the Commonwealth of Nations recently?

  1. Maldives
  2. Gambia
  3. Ireland
  4. Zimbabwe

Q.19) Consider the following statements about Zero Defect – Zero Effect (ZED) scheme

  1. The final ZED certification will be issued by Quality Council of India
  2. The ZED Scheme will be implemented nationwide through Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry (FICCI) and Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) only
  3. The scheme is mandatory for all the MSMEs

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.20) Consider the following statements about Mining Surveillance System (MSS)

  1. It is a satellite-based monitoring system
  2. It has been developed by Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) in coordination with Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geo-informatics (BISAG) and Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY)

Select the correct statements

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.21) Agricultural Marketing & Farm Friendly Reforms Index is released by

  1. World Economic Forum
  2. NABARD
  3. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  4. None of the above

Download The Solution : Click here


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