Q.1) How did Indian culture spread in the South-east Asiatic countries during the Gupta Age? [20m,400w ]
Q.2) Highlight the achievements of the Gupta period in the field of literature, science and technology. [25m,450w ]
Q.3) Give an account of the struggle for supremacy in South India between the Chalukyas of Badami and the Pallavas. [25m,450w ]
Q.4) “The inferior cavalry of the Rajputs was not the only cause of their defeat at the hands of Turko- Afghans and Mughal.” Comment. [25m,450w ]
Q.5) Did the triangular conflict between the Rashtrakutas, Gujara Pratiharas and Palas create a political vacuum in northern India which facilitated the invasions of Mahmud of Ghazni? [25m,450w]
Q.6) How could the local self-government under the Cholas adjust with their centralized administration structure? [ 10m,200w ]
MAP WORK : ANCIENT CAPITALS
. Begram and Mathura : Summer and winter capitals respectively of the Kushan Empire
.Amaravati and Pratishth?napura: Capitals of Satavahana Empire
.Kannauj : Capital of Harshavardhana’s short lived kingdom; also of Pratiharas.
.Manyakheta, Avanti : Capitals of Rashtrakuta Dynasty and Pratihara Empire respectively.
.Gadhipur: centre of administration of the Gupta dynasty. Capital under Jamwal kings Gaadhi and Vishwamitra.
.Puhar : Capital of Early Cholas.
.Madurai : Capital of Pandyas
.Gau?a : Capital of Pala dynasty along with Pataliputra
.Sigal: First capital of the Sakas 70bce-400
.Taxila : Second capital of the Sakas 70bce-400
.Mathura : Third capital of the Sakas 70bce-400
.Sagala : Capital of the Indo-Greeks
.Bhinmal : Capital of Gurjara Emoire
.Jaunpur : Capital of Sharq? dynasty (1394–1479).
.Pataliputra :Capital of Maurya Empire
.Delhi : The current capital of India is the seat of Delhi Sultanate.
.Daulatabad : In 1327, Tughlaq dynasty, abandoned due to lack of water.
.Ghor : Capital of Ghurid Sultanate
.Badaun : Capital of Iltutmish empire.
.Vijayanagara : Capital of Vijayanagara Empire under Akbar’s reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water.
.Kanchipuram :Capital of Pallavas
.Thanjavur : Capital of Cholas
.Allahabad : The city was a provincial capital in the Mughal Empire and was the headquarters of Jahangir from 1599 to 1604.
.Murshidabad : In 1704, nawab Murshid Quli Khan changed the seat of government from Dhaka to Murshidabad, renaming it after himself.
.Pune : In 1730, Pune became the seat of the Peshwa of Maratha Empire.
.Munger : Mir Qasim Ali, the Nawab of Bengal (from 1760 to 1764). In 1763, Quasim shifted his capital from Murshidabad to Munger.
.Patna : Sher Shah Suri’s capital for brief period of 5 years.
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