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IASbaba’s 60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2018 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY & CURRENT AFFAIRS [Day 17]

  • IASbaba
  • March 23, 2018
  • 354
IASbaba Prelims 60 Days Plan
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Hello Friends, 

Welcome to Day-17.


Importance of Self – Tracking: Learning from Last Year

Last year, aspirants used to comment their answers in the comment box on daily basis. There were huge participation in discussion. Putting answers in comment box has been very effective to self-track yourself after updating the score. In the end, you can cross check your performance through Disqus profile.

It was highly effective in the last edition of 60 Days that propelled aspirants to monitor their performance and learn through discussion. Let you solve these questions with full honesty and write your result in the comment box. Interact with peers to know your mistakes.

The importance of this initiative stands time-bound and aggressive reverse engineering to learn the concepts. Many of you must be busy with your own strategy but let us tell you honestly that in the last two months, it is very important to revise and consolidate your learning. Just reading won’t suffice.

So, take out few hours from your schedule and make it a revision exercise.

How can you make the best use of it?

Be honest to your effort and do not start competing with XYZ aspirants here just for the sake of marks. It is more important for you to introspect and check your learning than focusing on others. Try to answer the questions in 20 minutes only. 

Do not get into negative feeling that I don’t have enough knowledge to answer these questions. Feel like you are taking the real exam. What would be your response then?

The same will be replicated in UPSC exam. Here, you get marks only and nothing else matters. So, make effort to know the answers to all questions. Do not cheat 😛

 

DETAILED MICRO ANALYSIS MATRIX SAMPLEis given here. You can download this and do an assessment for yourself.  DOWNLOAD

  • You can copy paste the same format/modify as per your need in Google Spreadsheet and update it on daily basis.
  • Feedback talks about daily test results.
  • Follow-up talks about daily target achieved from sources and the number of revisions to do/done and dates. Sources column is to ensure that aspirants do not run behind various sources and follow the same throughout.

 

Are you ready? Let’s start!


[Day 17]: SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY AND CURRENT AFFAIRS


Q.1) HySIS (Hyperspectral Imaging Satellite) is being developed by

  1. NASA
  2. European Space Agency
  3. The China National Space Administration
  4. ISRO

Q.2) Consider the following pairs.

Name Definition
     1. Meteor (astronomy) any of the small solid extraterrestrial bodies that enters Earth’s atmosphere.
     2. Meteorite A small body moving in the solar system before it enters Earth’s atmosphere.
   3. Meteoroid A piece of stone or metallic object that remains from a meteor and has landed on the surface of the Earth.

 

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

  1. 1 only
  2. 1 and 2 only
  3. 3 only
  4. All the above

Q.3) Which of the following is true about spacecraft OSIRIS-Rex?

  1. (OSIRIS-REx) is NASA’s first unmanned asteroid sampling mission.
  2. (OSIRIS-REx) is NASA’s first manned asteroid sampling mission.
  3. (OSIRIS-REx) is NASA’s first unmanned meteoroid sampling mission.
  4. None of the above.

Q.4) Balloon Borne measurement campaigns of Asian Tropopause Aerosol Layer (BATAL) is a collaborative programme of?

  1. NASA-European Space Agency
  2. ISRO-China Space Administration
  3. ISRO-DRDO
  4. NASA-ISRO

Q.5) India is set to launch its first solar mission Aditya-L1 in 2019. Consider the following statements about it.

  1. Aditya L1 is to be the first satellite to study the magnetic field of the sun’s corona.
  2. The Aditya L1 will be placed in a halo orbit around a vantage point in space known as L1 Lagrange point.
  3. The Aditya L1 is expected to help study that why the photosphere, the deeper layer of the sun is at much lower temperature than the corona.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 1 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All the above

Q.6) Which of the following best describes the NASA’S SOFIA Mission?

  1. It is a satellite launched to study the atmosphere of the Saturn.
  2. It is the Lander and Rover sent to the Titan.
  3. It is the world’s largest airborne astronomical observatory.
  4. None of the above.

Q.7) Consider the following pairs.

Phenomenon Description
   1. Blue moon Occurs when the full moon is at the closest point of its orbit to the Earth, which is also called the perigee.
   2. Blood moon The moon turns into red color during the height of the eclipse as some light does reach it even though the moon is in the shadow of the Earth.
   3. Super moon When two full moons appear in the same calendar month, the second is termed a super moon

Which of the above pairs is/are matched correctly?

  1. 1 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 2 and 3 only
  4. All the above

Q.8) “Innovation in Science Pursuit for Inspired Research (INSPIRE) is an innovative programme sponsored and managed by the Department of Science & Technology. Which of the following programs are included in INSPIRE Scheme?

  1. Scheme for early Attraction of Talents for Science (SEATS)
  2. Scholarship for Higher Education (SHE)
  3. Assured Opportunity for Research Careers (AORC)

Select the code from below:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.9) An umbrella scheme KIRAN was launched by Ministry of Science and Technology. Which of the following statements are correct regarding the scheme?

  1. The aim is to increase the women researchers in India.
  2. Provide Research grants particularly to those female researchers and technologists who had to take a break in career owing to household reasons.
  3. To provide 50% quota to women in premier Science institutes for research.

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.10) The Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL) is an Indian digital knowledge repository of the traditional knowledge. It has been created by

  1. MeitY
  2. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research
  3. IISER Pune
  4. National Council of Science Museums

Q.11) Which of the following programs come under Ministry of Earth Sciences?

  1. Atmosphere   and Climate   Research – Modelling,   Observing Systems and Services (ACROSS)  
  2. Ocean Services, Technology, Observations, Resources, Modelling and Science (OSTORMS)
  3. Polar and Cryosphere Research (PACER)
  4. Seismology and Geosciences (SAGE)

Select the code from following:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 3 and 4
  3. 1,3 and 4
  4. All of the above

Q.12) Which of the following is the objective of Nidhi – Prayas initiative of department of Science and technology?

  1. To promote young and aspiring innovators and startups
  2. To provide global standard education in schools
  3. To remove gender inequality in scientific education
  4. None of the above

Q.13) National Center for Antarctic and Ocean Research has established a high altitude research station called Himansh. Where is it located?

  1. Himachal Pradesh
  2. Antarctica
  3. Jammu and Kashmir
  4. Sikkim

Q.14) Which of the following statements is correct regarding ‘Cryonics’?

  1. It is a process of deep freezing gases into liquid state to be used as fuel.
  2. It is a process of preserving a body by deep freezing it.
  3. It is a process of burning a body with cold fire.
  4. It is a process of making a substance superconduncting.

Q.15) The human brain is made of neurons and glial cells. What is the role of the latter?

  1. To convey messages from the neurons to different parts of the body
  2. To conduct electrical impulses
  3. To support neurons and insulate them from each other
  4. They create neurons when neurons die

Q.16) There is a fall in boiling points of water and other liquids at hills, because –

  1. of high pressure at mountainous regions, the liquid experiences less downward force pushing down on it from above.
  2. Boiling point of water changes with altitude because atmospheric pressure changes with altitude.
  3. Boiling point of water changes with altitude because of temperature inversion.
  4. At mountainous regions, water molecules have tough time escaping off the surface when the air pressure above them is less.

Q.17) Aeons, eras, periods, epochs, and ages denote different segments on the geological timescale. Which global body is responsible for setting these time standards to express Earth’s history?

  1. The International Commission on Stratigraphy
  2. The International Society of Ankylography
  3. The International Union of Balneography
  4. The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature

Q.18) This telescope is said to be 100 times more powerful than the Hubble Space Telescope, and is expected to find the first galaxies formed in the early universe. Name the telescope.

  1. Planck Observatory
  2. James Webb Space Telescope
  3. Herschel Space Observatory
  4. Galileo Telescope

Q.19) Lucy may well be one of the world’s most famous fossil. Which species does she belong to?

  1. Australopithecus afarensis
  2. Homo habilis
  3. Homo heidelbergensis
  4. Denisovan Neanderthal

Q.20) A cave in Burzahama region in Kashmir depicts a scene which has recently been interpreted as an astronomical event of significance. What is this event?

  1. The earliest known record of a total solar eclipse
  2. The earliest known depiction of a binary star
  3. The earliest known record of a supernova explosion
  4. The earliest known record of a god particle

Q.21) In a first, researchers have estimated that along with sea level rise, the sea floor is also sinking. What might be the cause of the latter?

  1. Weight of additional meltwater is pressing down on the seafloor
  2. Inner core of the Earth is shrinking
  3. Collision of tectonic plates
  4. Reduces seafloor spreading

Q.22) Consider the following statements about ‘AGRI-UDAAN’

  1. It enables farmers to sell their agricultural products through auction
  2. It is managed by Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
  3. It will provide logistics support for sellers and buyers

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 Only
  3. 2 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.23) Consider the following statements about Pradhan Mantri Paridhan Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMPRPY)

  1. It is under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship
  2. It incentivises employers for generation of new employment
  3. Establishment should be registered with Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) for claiming benefit under the scheme

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

Q.24) Consider the following statements about Regional Integrated Multi-Hazard Early Warning System for Africa and Asia (RIMES)

  1. It was established in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami
  2. African countries on the western coast are not members of the RIMES
  3. CLMV countries are members of the RIMES

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. 1, 2 and 3

Q.25) Supporting Indian Trade and Investment for Africa (SITA)

  1. It is a project by International Trade Centre (ITC)
  2. It caters to Eastern and Central African Countries

Select the correct statements

  1. 1 Only
  2. 2 Only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.26) India Volatility Index (VIX) is released by

  1. NITI Aayog
  2. SEBI
  3. NSE
  4. RBI

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