TOPIC: General Studies 1:
- Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
Global Gender Gap Index, 2020(India has ranked 112th among 153)
- India has ranked 112th among 153 countries in the annual Global Gender Gap Index for 2020,
- The Report was published by the World Economic Forum (WEF) recently.
- Iceland, Norway, and Finland occupy the top three spots in the Report.
The Global Gender Gap Index
- The Report benchmarks countries on their progress towards gender parity in four dimensions.
- The dimensions are: Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival and Political Empowerment.
- The Report aims to serve as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics.
- It measures women’s disadvantage compared to men, and is not a measure of equality of the gender gap.
- Through this annual yardstick, stakeholders within each country are able to set priorities relevant in each specific economic, political and cultural context.
Global Gender Gap Index for 2020: Key findings
- Globally, the average (population-weighted) distance completed to gender parity is at 68.6%, which is an improvement since last edition.
- The largest gender disparity is in political empowerment.
- Projecting current trends into the future, the overall global gender gap will close in 99.5 years, on average.
- There is a sharp deterioration in the economic opportunity gap, especially in women’s under-representation in emerging roles, such as cloud computing, engineering and data and artificial intelligence.
- India has slipped four places in the report to 112, behind neighbours China, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh,
- It is due to due to rising disparity in terms of women’s health and participation in the economy.
- The country ranked 98th in WEF’s first report in 2006. Since then, it has fallen due to poor performance in three out of four indicators.
- India is also ranked in the bottom-five in terms of women’s health and survival and economic participation.
- The report showed that economic opportunities for women are extremely limited in India (35.4 per cent).
- India also ranked among countries with very low women representation on company boards.
- The report highlighted abnormally low sex ratios at birth in India (91 girls for every 100 boys).
- On health and survival, four large countries — Pakistan, India, Vietnam and China — fare badly with millions of women not getting the same access to health as men.
- India is the only country among the 153 countries studied where the economic gender gap is larger than the political one.
- On a positive note, India has closed two-thirds of its overall gender gap.
- The Indian government needs to make sure that maternal and women’s healthcare is a top priority.
- It needs to increase efforts to skill more women in technology-based fields.
- Else, the potential of a large chunk of the population will remain unrealised.
- Supporting gender parity is critical to ensuring strong, cohesive and resilient societies around the world.
- Diversity forms an essential element in the global economy too.
Connecting the dots:
- Do you agree that India badly needs to focus on improving women’s access to healthcare?
- What ways would you suggest to improve gender parity?