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Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th January 2020

  • IASbaba
  • January 30, 2020
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IASbaba's Daily Current Affairs Analysis
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th January 2020
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IAS UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th January 2020

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(PRELIMS + MAINS FOCUS)


Operation Vanilla

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- International Affairs

In News

  • Launched by Indian Navy
  • Objective: To provide humanitarian assistance and disaster relief to the affected population of Madagascar post devastation caused by Cyclone Diane.

Missing Persons Data now available Online

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Governance

In News

  • Two Police related Citizen centric service namely ‘Missing Person Search’ and ‘Generate Vehicle NOC’ will now be available online to Citizens.
  • Generate Vehicle NOC’ allows citizens to ascertain the status of a vehicle before its second hand purchase, as to whether it is suspicious or clean from Police records
  • Launched by: National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) on Crime and Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS) platform.

Prelims Value Addition

  • NCRB was set-up in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals so as to assist the investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
  • CCTNS implemented by NCRB is a nationwide network that connects over 15,000 police stations across the country and aims to integrate all the data and records of crime into a Core Application Software

Anticipatory Bail

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Indian Polity

In News

  • Supreme Court has held that the protection of anticipatory or pre-arrest bail cannot be limited to any time frame or “fixed period”
  • The life of an anticipatory bail order does not normally end at the time and stage when the accused is summoned by the court, or when charges are framed, but can continue till the end of the trial.
  • denial of bail amounts to deprivation of personal liberty (Article 21), thus, the Court should lean against the imposition of unnecessary restrictions on the scope of Section 438

Do You Know?

  • Sections 438 of the Code of Criminal Procedure states that if a person has a reason to believe that he will be arrested on accusation of having committed a non-bailable offence, he can approach High Court or Session Court for anticipatory bail i.e. pre-arrest bail
  • Gurubaksh Singh Sibbia Vs State of Punjab, 1980 – Five Judge SC bench- Power to grant anticipatory bail is cast in wide terms and should not be hedged in through narrow judicial interpretations. It held that courts could impose conditions which were appropriate

Nagoba jatara:  Month long fair comes to an end

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Culture

In News

  • It is a tribal festival held in Keslapur village Adilabad district, Telangana,
  • It is the second biggest tribal carnival and celebrated by Mesaram clan of Gond tribes for 10 days.
  • Tribal people from Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh belonging to the Mesram clan offer prayers at the festival.
  • The Gusadi Dance performance by dancers from the Gond tribe is a major special attraction of the event.

Yellow Rust Disease: Detected in wheat crop in parts of Punjab & Haryana

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Agriculture

In News

  • Yellow rust is a fungal disease which turns the crop’s leaves into a yellowish colour and stops photosynthesis activity
  • This could eventually result in a drop of wheat crop productivity
  • The recent rains in the region (sub-mountainous) coupled with a slight increase in the temperature and humid conditions are favourable for yellow rust

Prelims Value addition

  • Wheat is a rabi (winter) crop, is sown between late October till December while the harvesting of the crop starts from April onwards.
  • India is the second-largest producer of wheat after China.

UN’s new rules for ships in the Arctic region

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Environmental Conservation

In News

  • International Maritime Organization (IMO), the shipping agency of UN, has banned ships from using fuels with a sulphur content above 0.5 %, compared with 3.5 % previously.
  • It affects more than 50,000 merchant ships worldwide.
  • The new limits are monitored and enforced by national authorities of countries that are members of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) Annex VI.
  • Only ships fitted with sulphur-cleaning devices, known as scrubbers, are allowed to continue burning high-sulphur fuel. Alternatively, they can opt for cleaner fuels, such as marine gasoil (MGO) and very low-sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO).

(MAINS FOCUS)


International Affairs

Topic: General Studies 2

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary

West Asia peace plan by USA

Context

President Donald Trump’s Middle East plan, Peace to Prosperity: A Vision to Improve the Lives of the Palestinian and Israeli People, was recently released.

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th January 2020

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th January 2020

Picture Source – The Indian Express

Key Elements of the Plan are:

Jerusalem

  • During the 1967 war, Israel seized control of East Jerusalem, which has Temple Mount, home to the Western Wall, the al-Aqsa mosque and Dome of the Rock.
  • According to plan, Jerusalem will not be divided, and will remain the sovereign capital of the State of Israel.
  • The capital of Palestine can occupy far-flung eastern neighbourhoods lying beyond “the existing security barrier”, which can be renamed Al Quds, the Arabic name for Jerusalem.

West Bank:

  • Israel would be allowed to annex the Jewish settlements on the West Bank as well as the Jordan Valley

Palestinian Refugees

  • The Palestinian refugees, who were forced out from their homes during the 1948 Arab-Israeli war would not be allowed to return.
  • They could move to the future Palestinian state, be integrated into the host countries or settled in other regional countries.

Change of Borders:

  • Israel will not have to uproot any settlements, and will incorporate the vast majority of Israeli settlements into contiguous Israeli territory
  • This means that illegal Israeli settlements in the West Bank would become legal and permanent

Required Actions from

  • Israel: Freeze further settlement activities on the West Bank for four years — the time for negotiations.
  • Palestine: The Palestinian Authority should dismiss its current complaints at the International Criminal Court against Israel and refrain itself from taking further actions. It should also crack down on “terrorist” groups such as Hamas and the Islamic Jihad

What would Palestinians get?

  • $50 billion in investment over 10 years should Palestine accept the proposals.
  • In the final settlement, Palestine would get control over more land than what it currently controls
  • According to the Oslo Accords, the West Bank was divided into three areas and only one of them is under the direct control of the Palestinian Authority (30% is given to Israelis)
  • The plan also seeks to enlarge Gaza and connect the strip with the West Bank through a tunnel.
  • The Arab towns in the southeast of Israel, which are close to Gaza, could become part of a future Palestinian state.

Palestine’s Position – backed by most of the world powers

  • The formation of an independent, sovereign Palestinian state based on the 1967 border meaning the whole of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip
  • East Jerusalem as Palestine’s capital (including the Old City that houses Haram esh-Sharif, also known as Temple Mount, a holy site for both Muslims and Jews).

Responses to the Plan

  • Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu as a “realistic path to a durable peace”
  • Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas dismissed the plans as a “conspiracy”
  • India urged both Israel and Palestine to “engage with each other, including on the recent proposals put forward by the United States, and find an acceptable two-state solution for peaceful coexistence”.

Analysis of the Plan

  • The plan clearly shows that US has completely sided with Israel without even involving Palestinians during drafting process.
  • Critics have said the real intention could be to change the start point of future negotiations — the Palestinians will begin with a disadvantage, and be forced to fight to simply hold on.

Connecting the Dots

  • Impact of the plan on region’s stability especially in the backdrop of escalating US-Iran tensions
  • Impact on domestic elections in Israel and USA

(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Note: 

  • Correct answers of today’s questions will be provided in next day’s DNA section. Kindly refer to it and update your answers. 
  • Comments Up-voted by IASbaba are also the “correct answers”.

Q.1) Consider the following statements about CCTNS – Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems

  1. It is nationwide network that connects over 15,000 police stations across the country
  2. It is implemented by NITI Aayog in collaboration with Ministry of Home Affairs

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Nagoba Jatara seen in news is celebrated in which State/Union Territory of India?

  1. Telangana
  2. Madhya Pradesh
  3. Chattisgarh
  4. Puducherry

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Operation Vanilla recently in news

  1. It is launched by Indian Navy
  2. It objects was to provide humanitarian assistance and disaster relief to the affected population of Sri Lanka post devastation caused by Cyclone Diane.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Yellow Rust disease

  1. It is a fungal disease which turns the crop’s leaves into a yellowish colour and stops photosynthesis activity
  2. Appropriate insecticides need to be sprayed on the crops so as to contain it.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Section 438 of Code of Criminal Procedure deals with which of the following?

  1. Sedition
  2. Dowry & Harassment of Women
  3. Anticipatory Bail
  4. None of the above

ANSWERS FOR 29 JAN 2020 TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE (TYK)

1 A
2 B
3 A
4 A
5 B

 


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