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Four-fold jump in Li-ion battery imports since 2016

  • IASbaba
  • February 11, 2020
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Four-fold jump in Li-ion battery imports since 2016

Part of: GS Prelims –Science & Tech  and GS-III- Technology

In news:

  • India has quadrupled its imports of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries
  • lithium-ion  are vital for powering a range of devices from cellphones to electric vehicles
  • India lacks manufacturing capacity;
  • India  is world’s largest importer
  • Imports from China, Japan and South Korea
  • To promote indigenous development of such batteries, the Union Cabinet in 2019 approved a programme, called a National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery 
  • Electric vehicles are expected to account for a significant share in the growth of the Li-ion battery demand in India
  • The government has announced investments worth $1.4 billion to make India one of the largest manufacturing hubs for electric vehicles by 2040.

From Prelims point of view :

lithium-ion  

  • Rechargeable battery.
  • Used for portable electronics and electric vehicles 
  • Developed by John Goodenough, Stanley Whittingham, Rachid Yazami and Akira Yoshino 
  • Lithium ions move from the negative electrode through an electrolyte to the positive electrode during discharge, and back when charging.
  •  Li-ion batteries use an intercalated lithium compound as the material at the positive electrode and typically graphite at the negative electrode. 
  • There is a safety hazard since they contain a flammable electrolyte, and if damaged or incorrectly charged can lead to explosions and fires. 
  • Samsung were forced to recall Galaxy Note 7 handsets following lithium-ion fire

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 10th February 2020

SRC: Basix

National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery:

  • Recommend and drive the strategies for transformative mobility and Phased Manufacturing Programmes for EVs, EV Components and Batteries. 
  • A Phased Manufacturing Program (PMP) will be launched to localize production across the entire EV value chain. 
  • Determine the contours of PMP, and will finalise the details of such a program. 
  • The details of the value addition that can be achieved with each phase of localisation will be finalised by the Mission with a clear Make in India strategy for the electric vehicle components as well as battery.
  • The Mission will coordinate with key stakeholders in Ministries/ Departments and the states to integrate various initiatives to transform mobility in India.

Electric vehicles:

  • An electric vehicle, uses one or more electric motors or traction motors for propulsion.
  • An electric vehicle may be powered through self-contained battery, solar panels or an electric generator to convert fuel to electricity.

*** E vehicles and policy related to it will be soon dealt in the mains section

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