Global Nutrition Report 2020: India likely to miss nutrition targets
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health
- According to the Global Nutrition Report 2020, India is among 88 countries that are likely to miss global nutrition targets by 2025.
- India will miss targets for all four nutritional indicators for which there is data available
- stunting among under-five children
- anaemia among women of reproductive age
- childhood overweight
- exclusive breastfeeding
- Underweight rates:
- Between 2000 and 2016, these rates have decreased from 66.0% to 58.1% for boys and 54.2% to 50.1% in girls.
- 37.9% of children under five are stunted and 20.8% are wasted.
- One in two women of reproductive age is anaemic.
- Overweight and obesity:
- They continue to rise, affecting almost one-fifth of the adults, at 21.6% of women and 17.8% of men.
- India is identified as among the three worst countries, along with Nigeria and Indonesia, for steep within-country disparities on stunting.
Important value additions:
The Global Nutrition Report
- It is a peer-reviewed, independently produced annual publication on the state of the world’s nutrition.
- It was conceived following the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013.
- The first series was published in 2014.
- It is a reduced growth rate in human development.
- It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition (or more precisely undernutrition) and recurrent infections, such as diarrhoea and helminthiasis, in early childhood.
- A state in which haemoglobin in blood is below the reference range.