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Global Nutrition Report 2020: India likely to miss nutrition targets

  • IASbaba
  • May 16, 2020
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Global Nutrition Report 2020: India likely to miss nutrition targets

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II – Health

In News:

  • According to the Global Nutrition Report 2020, India is among 88 countries that are likely to miss global nutrition targets by 2025. 

Key takeaways:

  • India will miss targets for all four nutritional indicators for which there is data available 
    • stunting among under-five children
    • anaemia among women of reproductive age 
    • childhood overweight 
    • exclusive breastfeeding
  • Underweight rates:
    • Between 2000 and 2016, these rates have decreased from 66.0% to 58.1% for boys and 54.2% to 50.1% in girls. 
  • Stunting: 
    • 37.9% of children under five are stunted and 20.8% are wasted
  • Anaemia:
    • One in two women of reproductive age is anaemic. 
  • Overweight and obesity: 
    • They continue to rise, affecting almost one-fifth of the adults, at 21.6% of women and 17.8% of men.
  • India is identified as among the three worst countries, along with Nigeria and Indonesia, for steep within-country disparities on stunting. 

Important value additions:

The Global Nutrition Report 

  • It is a peer-reviewed, independently produced annual publication on the state of the world’s nutrition. 
  • It was conceived following the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013.
  • The first series was published in 2014. 

Stunting

  • It is a reduced growth rate in human development. 
  • It is a primary manifestation of malnutrition (or more precisely undernutrition) and recurrent infections, such as diarrhoea and helminthiasis, in early childhood. 

Anaemia

  • A state in which haemoglobin in blood is below the reference range. 

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