Sero Surveillance Analysis
Part of: GS Prelims and Mains II and III – Health issue; Science – Health and Medicine
- Delhi High Court directed the National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) to submit a report and analysis of the serological survey that was recently conducted in the national capital.
- Blood samples were taken from randomly selected people as part of the survey, which involves rapid tests for antibodies, to study the scale of undetected infections.
- Sero Surveillance is an antibodies detection test which was done to assess the prevalence of infection at the community level and primarily used for evidence-based public health response.
- Antibodies, also referred to as immunoglobulins, are glycoproteins naturally produced in response to invading foreign particles (antigens) such as microorganisms and viruses. As such, they play a critical role in the immune system’s defense against infection and disease.
- In simple terms, antibodies are specialized, Y-shaped proteins that bind like a lock-and-key to the body’s foreign invaders — whether they are viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites.