World Drug Report and UNODC

  • IASbaba
  • July 7, 2020
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World Drug Report and UNODC

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains II and III – Role of international organizations; Security issues

In news:

According to the latest World Drug Report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

  • India in top five (fourth position) in terms of seizure of opium in 2018. 
  • Opium seizure – Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan were the top 3 countries.
  • India was at the 12th position in the world in terms of heroin seizure.
  • Heroin seizure – Iran, Turkey, United States, China, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  • Global area under opium poppy cultivation declined for the second year in a row in 2019.
  • Despite the decline in cultivation, opium production remained stable in 2019, with higher yields reported in the main opium production areas.
  • Asia is host to more than 90% of global illicit opium production and the world’s largest consumption market for opiates.
  • Asia accounted for almost 80% of all opiates seized worldwide in 2018.
  • Outside Asia, the largest total quantity of heroin and morphine was seized in Europe (22% of the global total in 2018).

Do you know?

  • Heroin is manufactured from the morphine extracted from the seed pod of opium poppy plants.
  • Opium is illicitly produced in about 50 countries.
  • However, close to 97% of the total global production of opium in the past five years came from only 3 countries.
  • 84% of the total opium was produced in Afghanistan
  • Myanmar accounts for 7% of the global opium production, and Laos accounted for 1% of the opium production. 
  • Mexico accounts for 6% of the global opium production, while Colombia and Guatemala account for less than 1% of global production.

Pic: Opium Cultivation

Important Value Additions

About United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)

  • UNODC is a United Nations office that was established in 1997.
  • It is a member of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group.
  • The office aims long-term to better equip governments to handle drug-, crime-, terrorism-, and corruption-related issues.
  • These are the main themes that UNODC deals with: Alternative Development, anti-corruption, Criminal Justice, Prison Reform and Crime Prevention, Drug Prevention, -Treatment and Care, HIV and AIDS, Human Trafficking and Migrant Smuggling, Money Laundering, Organized Crime, Piracy, Terrorism Prevention.


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