Two New Ramsar Sites in India
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Biodiversity; Ecology; Environment
- Recently, Kabartal Wetland (Bihar) and Asan Conservation Reserve (Uttrakhand) have been designated as Ramsar sites.
- Now, the total number of Ramsar sites in India is 39, the highest in South Asia.
Important value additions
- It is also known as Kanwar Jheel.
- Location: Begusarai, Bihar.
- It acts as a vital flood buffer for the region.
- It also provides livelihood opportunities to local communities.
- It has significant biodiversity with 165 plant species, 394 animal species and 50 fish species.
- 58 migratory waterbirds use it to rest.
- Five critically endangered species inhabit the site: (1) Red-headed vulture; (2) White-rumped vulture; (3) Indian vulture; (4) Sociable lapwing; (5) Baer’s pochard
Asan Conservation Reserve (ACR)
- ACR is formed by the Asan River running down to its confluence with the Yamuna River in Dehradun, Uttarakhand.
- It is Uttarakhand’s first Ramsar Site.
- These habitats support 330 bird species including the critically endangered red-headed vulture, white-rumped vulture and Baer’s pochard (Aythya baeri).
- 49 fish species are also found including the endangered Putitora mahseer (Tor putitora).
- Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental treaty adopted in 1971 in Ramsar, Iran.
- Those wetlands which are of international importance are declared as Ramsar sites.
- Mission: Conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local and national actions and international cooperation, as a contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout the world.
- The Montreux Record is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.
- It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.
- At present, two wetlands of India are in Montreux Record: Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) and Loktak Lake (Manipur).
- Chilika Lake (Odisha) was placed in the record but later removed from it.