UP government launches scheme for Tharu Tribals
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Society
- The Uttar Pradesh government has recently launched a scheme to take the unique culture of its ethnic Tharu tribe across the world.
- The state government is working to connect Tharu villages in the districts of Balrampur, Bahraich, Lakhimpur and Pilibhit bordering Nepal, with the home stay scheme of the UP Forest Department.
- The idea is to offer tourists an experience of living in the natural Tharu habitat, in traditional huts made of grass collected mainly from the forests.
Important value addition
- The community of Tharu people belongs to the Terai lowlands.
- Most of them are forest dwellers, and some practice agriculture.
- Tharus worship Lord Shiva as Mahadev, and call their supreme being “Narayan”, who they believe is the provider of sunshine, rain, and harvests.
- The Tharus live in both India and Nepal.
- In the Indian terai, they live mostly in Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar.
- A majority still lives off the forest.
Do you know?
- They speak various dialects of Tharu which is a language of the Indo-Aryan subgroup, and variants of Hindi, Urdu, and Awadhi.
- In central Nepal, they speak a variant of Bhojpuri, while in eastern Nepal, they speak a variant of Maithili.
- Tharu women have stronger property rights than is allowed to women in mainstream North Indian Hindu custom.