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ICDS Survey in Jharkhand

  • IASbaba
  • July 9, 2021
  • 0
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ICDS Survey in Jharkhand

Part of: GS Prelims and GS – II – Issues related to children

In news: According to a recent survey, more than 55% did not receive Supplementary Nutrition under Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) in Jharkhand even once in the first six months of 2021.

Vulnerability of Jharkhand

  • As per National Family Health Survey-4 data, every second child in the state is stunted and underweight and every third child is affected by stunting and every 10th child is affected from severe wasting and around 70% children are anemic.

What is Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)?

  • It is centrally sponsored scheme launched in 1975.
  • Implemented by: Ministry of Women and Child Development. 
  • It is an umbrella scheme under which Six Schemes operate
Anganwadi Services Scheme:
  • Programme for early childhood care and development.
  • Beneficiaries: Children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers
  • It provides a package of six services namely supplementary nutrition, pre-school non-formal education, nutrition & health education, immunization, health check-up and referral services.
  • Supplementary Nutrition includes Take Home Ration (THR), Hot Cooked Meal and morning snacks
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana:
  • It is a centrally sponsored conditional cash transfer 
  • Rs.5,000/- is paid in three installments directly to the Bank/Post Office Account of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mother in DBT (Direct Benefit Transfer) Mode upon fulfilling certain conditions
National Creche Scheme:
  • It provides day care facilities to children of age group of 6 months to 6 years of working women.
  • The facilities are provided for seven and half hours a day for 26 days in a month.
  • Children are provided with supplementary nutrition, early childcare education, and health and sleeping facilities.
Scheme for Adolescent Girls:
  • It aims at out of school girls in the age group 11-14, to empower and improve their social status through nutrition, life skills and home skills.
  • The scheme has nutritional and non nutritional components which include nutrition; iron and folic acid supplementation; health check up and referral service; skill training; life skill education, home management etc,; counselling/ guidance on accessing public services.
Child Protection Scheme:
  • It aims to contribute to the improvement and well-being of children in difficult circumstances, as well as, reduction of vulnerabilities to situations and actions that lead to abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment and separation of children from parents.
POSHAN Abhiyaan:
  • It targets to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies by reducing mal-nutrition/undernutrition, anemia among young children as also, focus on adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers.

What are the Objectives of ICDS?

  • To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years.
  • To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
  • To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout.
  • To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development.
  • To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child.
  • To facilitate, educate and empower Adolescent Girls (AGs) so as to enable them to become self-reliant and aware citizens.

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