ICDS Survey in Jharkhand
Part of: GS Prelims and GS – II – Issues related to children
In news: According to a recent survey, more than 55% did not receive Supplementary Nutrition under Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) in Jharkhand even once in the first six months of 2021.
Vulnerability of Jharkhand
- As per National Family Health Survey-4 data, every second child in the state is stunted and underweight and every third child is affected by stunting and every 10th child is affected from severe wasting and around 70% children are anemic.
What is Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)?
- It is centrally sponsored scheme launched in 1975.
- Implemented by: Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- It is an umbrella scheme under which Six Schemes operate
|Anganwadi Services Scheme:
- Programme for early childhood care and development.
- Beneficiaries: Children in the age group of 0-6 years, pregnant women and lactating mothers
- It provides a package of six services namely supplementary nutrition, pre-school non-formal education, nutrition & health education, immunization, health check-up and referral services.
- Supplementary Nutrition includes Take Home Ration (THR), Hot Cooked Meal and morning snacks
|Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana:
- It is a centrally sponsored conditional cash transfer
- Rs.5,000/- is paid in three installments directly to the Bank/Post Office Account of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mother in DBT (Direct Benefit Transfer) Mode upon fulfilling certain conditions
|National Creche Scheme:
- It provides day care facilities to children of age group of 6 months to 6 years of working women.
- The facilities are provided for seven and half hours a day for 26 days in a month.
- Children are provided with supplementary nutrition, early childcare education, and health and sleeping facilities.
|Scheme for Adolescent Girls:
- It aims at out of school girls in the age group 11-14, to empower and improve their social status through nutrition, life skills and home skills.
- The scheme has nutritional and non nutritional components which include nutrition; iron and folic acid supplementation; health check up and referral service; skill training; life skill education, home management etc,; counselling/ guidance on accessing public services.
|Child Protection Scheme:
- It aims to contribute to the improvement and well-being of children in difficult circumstances, as well as, reduction of vulnerabilities to situations and actions that lead to abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment and separation of children from parents.
- It targets to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anemia and low birth weight babies by reducing mal-nutrition/undernutrition, anemia among young children as also, focus on adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers.
What are the Objectives of ICDS?
- To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years.
- To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
- To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school dropout.
- To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development.
- To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child.
- To facilitate, educate and empower Adolescent Girls (AGs) so as to enable them to become self-reliant and aware citizens.