Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
Part of: Prelims and Mains GS-I: Personalities in Indian national movements
- Born on 15 October 1931 at Rameswaram on Pamban Island, then in the Madras Presidency. He graduated from the Madras Institute of Technology in 1960.
- Dr. Kalam was the project head of the Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3). This was India’s first experimental Satellite Launch Vehicle which put the satellite Rohini into orbit.
- As a director of DRDO, he steared the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), and five projects viz. Prithvi, Trishul, Akash,Nag and Agni were developed under him.
- APJ Abdul Kalam is known as the “Missile Man of India” for his contributions on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
‘KAPILA’ (Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness) campaign
- Under this campaign, students pursuing education in higher educational institutions will get information about the correct system of application process for patenting their invention and they will be aware of their rights.
- October 15th to 23rd: Intellectual Property Literacy Week
K family of missiles
- Codenamed after late Dr APJ Abdul Kalam
- The K family of missiles are primarily Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs).
- These missiles are fired from submarines from India’s Arihant class nuclear powered platforms.
- Indigenously developed by: Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- The development of these naval platform launched missiles began in the late 1990s as a step towards completing India’s nuclear triad — the capability of launching nuclear weapons from land, sea and air based assets.
- These missiles are lighter, smaller and stealthier than their land-based counterparts.
- The Agni series of missiles are land-based which are medium and intercontinental range nuclear capable ballistic missiles.
“If a country is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, I strongly feel there are three key societal members who can make a difference. They are the father, the mother and the teacher.” – Dr APJ Abdul Kalam