Part of: Prelims and GS-II – Human rights; International Relations
Context 43 countries have called on China to “ensure full respect for the rule of law” for the Muslim Uyghur community in Xinjiang, in a statement read at the United Nations.
- The declaration was signed by the USA and several European and Asian member states and others.
- They accused China of a list of human rights violations against the Uyghurs, including torture, forced sterilisation and forced disappearances.
Who are Uyghur Muslims?
- Uyghurs, are a minority Turkic ethnic group originating from and culturally affiliated with the general region of Central and East Asia.
- The Uyghurs are recognized as native to the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China.
- China rejects the idea of them being an indigenous group
- Since 2016, it is estimated that over a million Uyghurs have been detained in Xinjiang re-education camps.(UN)
- International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), the main feature of the camps is to ensure adherence to Chinese Communist Party ideology.