Place in news: Raigad fort

  • IASbaba
  • December 8, 2021
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Place in news: Raigad fort

Part of: Prelims 

Context Recently, the Indian President visited the Raigad fort and paid tribute to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

About Raigad fort

  • It is a hill fort situated in the Raigad district of Maharashtra.
  • The fort was known to early Europeans as the ‘Gibraltar of the East’.
  • The fort, which was earlier called Rairi, was the seat of the Maratha clan Shirke in the 12th century. 
  • The fort changed hands a number of times from the dynasty of Bahaminis to the Nizam Shahis and then the Adil shahis.
  • In 1656 Chhatrapati Shivaji captured it from the Mores of Javli who were under the suzerainty of the Adilshahi Sultanate. 
  • The fort also overlooks an artificial lake known as the ‘Ganga Sagar Lake’. 

About Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj

  • He was the founder of the Maratha empire, a warrior king of Maharashtra.
  • He was born in the Shivneri Fort in Maharashtra on 19 February 1630 to mother Jijabai and father Shahaji bhosale.
  • He was widely known for his guerrilla warfare tactics.
  • He was accommodative of all religions. 
  • His only aim was to overthrow Mughal rule and establish the Maratha empire.

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