Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

  • IASbaba
  • June 13, 2022
  • 0
Social Issues
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What is Ramsay Hunt Syndrome?

  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus) occurs when a shingles outbreak affects the facial nerve near one of your ears.
  • In addition to the painful shingles rash, Ramsay Hunt syndrome can cause facial paralysis and hearing loss in the affected ear.
  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox – the varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
  • After chickenpox clears up, the virus still lives in your nerves.
  • Years later, it may reactivate. When it does, it can affect your facial nerves


The two main signs and symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome are:

  • A painful red rash with fluid-filled blisters on, in and around one ear
  • Facial weakness or paralysis on the same side as the affected ear

Risk factors

  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome can occur in anyone who has had chickenpox.
  • It’s more common in older adults, typically affecting people older than 60.
  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome is rare in children.
  • Ramsay Hunt syndrome isn’t contagious.
  • However, reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus can cause chickenpox in people who haven’t previously had chickenpox or been vaccinated for it.
  • The infection can be serious for people who have immune system problems.

Source: Indian Express

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Consider the following statements: (2017)

  1. In tropical regions, Zika virus disease is transmitted by ‘the same mosquito that transmits dengue.
  2. Sexual transmission of Zika virus disease is possible.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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