What is Ramsay Hunt Syndrome?
- Ramsay Hunt syndrome (herpes zoster oticus) occurs when a shingles outbreak affects the facial nerve near one of your ears.
- In addition to the painful shingles rash, Ramsay Hunt syndrome can cause facial paralysis and hearing loss in the affected ear.
- Ramsay Hunt syndrome is caused by the same virus that causes chickenpox – the varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
- After chickenpox clears up, the virus still lives in your nerves.
- Years later, it may reactivate. When it does, it can affect your facial nerves
The two main signs and symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome are:
- A painful red rash with fluid-filled blisters on, in and around one ear
- Facial weakness or paralysis on the same side as the affected ear
- Ramsay Hunt syndrome can occur in anyone who has had chickenpox.
- It’s more common in older adults, typically affecting people older than 60.
- Ramsay Hunt syndrome is rare in children.
- Ramsay Hunt syndrome isn’t contagious.
- However, reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus can cause chickenpox in people who haven’t previously had chickenpox or been vaccinated for it.
- The infection can be serious for people who have immune system problems.
Source: Indian Express
Previous Year Questions
Q.1) Consider the following statements: (2017)
- In tropical regions, Zika virus disease is transmitted by ‘the same mosquito that transmits dengue.
- Sexual transmission of Zika virus disease is possible.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
- 1 only
- 2 only
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2