Environment & Ecology, Geography
About River Kali Bein
- The 165-km rivulet starts from Hoshiarpur, runs across four districts and meets the confluence of the rivers Beas and Sutlej in Kapurthala.
- Odhra rivulet, and Mukerian Hydel Channel are the main source of water for Kali Bein.
- The ChhotiBein is a tributary of the Kali Bein.
- The Kanjli Wetland, a Ramsar site (a wetland site designated of international importance under the Ramsar Convention), is supported by the Kali Bein.
- Wastewater from cities and towns as well as industrial waste used to flow into the rivulet via a drain, turning its waters black, hence the name Kali Bein (black rivulet).
- In the wake of the Green Revolution, the Kali Bein became progressively polluted until it was cleaned and rejuvenated in a mass action led by Sant Balbir Singh Seechewal in the 2000s.
- The ‘Kali Bein Model’ was cited as the blueprint for the National Mission for Clean Ganga.
Significance for Sikhs
- The first Guru, Nanak Dev, is said to have got enlightenment
- When Guru Nanak Dev was staying at Sultanpur Lodhi with his sister BebeNanki, he would bathe in the Kali Bein.
- He is said to have disappeared into the waters one day, before emerging on the third day. This marks the beginnings of Sikhism and the start of Nanak’s teachings.
- The first thing he recited was the “Mool Mantra” of the Sikh religion (Ik Onkar).
- Gurudwara Ber Sahib, the principal shrine at Sultanpur, is situated on the bank of the rivulet Kali Bein.
- It is built by the side of an old ber tree which is believed to be the one under which Guru Nanak would sit in meditation.
Source: The Indian Express
Previous Year Question
Q.1) Consider the following rivers: (2021)
Which of the above rise from the Eastern Ghats?
- 1 and 2
- 2 and 4
- 3 and 4
- 1 and 3
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