• IASbaba
  • September 23, 2022
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  • Prelims – Current Affairs (Economy)

What is Shrinkflation?

  • Shrinkflation is the practice of reducing the size of a product while maintaining its sticker price.
  • It is a form of hidden inflation.
  • Raising the price per given amount is a strategy employed by companies, mainly in the food and beverage industries, to stealthily boost profit margins or maintain them in the face of rising input costs.
  • Shrinkflation is also referred to as package downsizing in business and academic research.
  • A less common usage of this term may refer to a macroeconomic situation where the economy is contracting while also experiencing a rising price level.

What are the Major Causes of Shrinkflation?

  • Higher Production Costs: Rising production costs are generally the primary cause of shrinkflation.
    • Increases in the cost of ingredients or raw materials, energy commodities, and labour increase production costs and subsequently diminish producers’ profit margins.
    • Reducing the products’ weight, volume, or quantity while keeping the same retail price tag can improve the producer’s profit margin.
  • Intense Market Competition: Fierce competition in the marketplace may also cause shrinkflation.
    • The food and beverage industry are generally an extremely competitive one, as consumers are able to access a variety of available substitutes.
    • Therefore, producers look for options that will enable them to keep the favour of their customers and maintain their profit margins at the same time.

Source: The Hindu

 Previous Year Questions:

Q.1) With reference to inflation in India, which of the following statements is correct? (2015)

  1. Controlling the inflation in India is the responsibility of the Government of India only
  2. The Reserve Bank of India has no role in controlling the inflation
  3. Decreased money circulation helps in controlling the inflation
  4. Increased money circulation helps in controlling the inflation

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