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Anthrax

  • IASbaba
  • December 10, 2022
  • 0
Science and Technology
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Context: In 1922. On December 8th, the International Anthrax Commission has passed a resolution requiring the hairs and wools used in brush-making, upholstering and textile industries be disinfected before they are handled industrially.

About Anthrax:

  • Anthrax is a zoonotic disease (could be transferred from animals to humans) caused by the spore-producing bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
  • Reservoirs are grass-eating animals, and the spores can survive in the environment for decades.
  • It is usually a disease of wild and domestic animals, including cattle, sheep, and goats.
  • Human infection, while rare, does occur.
  • Human infection usually results from contact with infected animals or their products.

Types of Anthrax:

  • cutaneous (through the skin),
  • gastrointestinal, and
  • There have been no confirmed cases of person-to-person transmission of cutaneous, gastrointestinal, or inhalational anthrax.
  • Anthrax is most common in developing countries.
  • The largest reported agricultural outbreak occurred in Zimbabwe, with more than 10,000 cases reported between 1979 and 1985.

Treatment:

  • Antibiotics, such as penicillin, are used to treat all forms of anthrax.
  • An antibiotic known as ciprofloxacin (Cipro) was approved in August 2000 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treating people who have been exposed to inhalational anthrax.

Source: The Hindu

 

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