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Good Governance Day

  • IASbaba
  • December 28, 2022
  • 0
Ethics, Governance
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Context:

  • “Good Governance Day” is celebrated on December 25 marking the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister and Bharatiya Janata Party doyen Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
  • Firstly, the day is meant to pay homage to the visionary and reformer who fast-tracked all-round development.
  • Secondly, it was to use the day as a way to increase awareness of government services and accountability among people and inculcate “good governance” as a habit for civil servants.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee: a foundational figure for the BJP

  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee was born on December 25, 1924 in Gwalior, present-day Madhya Pradesh.
  • A poet-politician, he joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) in 1939, becoming a pracharak (full-time worker) in 1947.
  • He held his first major national position as the External Affairs Minister in Morarji’s post Emergency government in 1975.
  • While that government soon fell (in 1977), Vajpayee had earned major plaudits for his tenure, with his UN General Assembly speech in Hindi drawing praise from all quarters.
  • Books written includes – National Integration – 1961, Dynamics of an Open Society – 1977, Kucha Lekha, Kucha Bhashana – 1996,  Rajaniti ki Rapatili Rahem – 1997, etc.

An able administrator

  • While he first became Prime Minister in 1996 (for 16 days) it was his 1998-1999 and 1999-2004 terms that left a lasting impact on the nation.
  • Under his tenure, India formally became a nuclear power despite significant criticism from the West and ably faced war and peace with Pakistan.
  • India undertook massive public welfare projects including Sarva Shikshya Abhiyaan and PM Gramin Sadak Yojana, and ushered in a new era of foreign investment and international relations, especially with the US.

Good governance

  • Governance refers to all processes of governing, the institutions, processes and practices through which issues of common concern are decided upon and regulated.
  • Good governance refers primarily to  the process whereby public institutions conduct public affairs, manage public resources and guarantee the realisation of human rights.
  • This includes the process by which governments are selected, monitored and replaced; the capacity of the government to effectively formulate and implement sound policies; and the respect of citizens and the state for the institutions that govern economic and social interactions among them
  • Six Indicators for Promotion of Good Governance
  • Transparency & Accountability
  • Non-violence and constancy in Political system
  • Effectiveness of Government long and short Policy
  • Eradication of Corruption
  • Quality of Governance
  • Rule of law

Benefits of good governance:

  • Efficient Processes – To start, good governance ensures consistency and repeatability in a corporation. In turn, the overall productivity and efficiency of the organization are boosted.
  • Visibility of Errors – when the organization adopts the principles of good governance, transparency and accountability become the watchword.
  • Public trust and Goodwill –  The overall output of good governance is the right products and services.
  • Accountability and responsibility can be ascertained and right course of action can be taken easily.
  • Financial Sustainability – Good governance significantly reduces unnecessary expenses and spend more on progressive needs.

Good Governance through e-Governance

  • Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) with their emergence have led to development, growth and opportunities throughout the world.
  • The main objective of e-governance is to simplify and improve governance and enable people’s participation in governance through internet.
  • E- governance is applied in following ways:
  • Putting government laws and legislations online.
  • Putting information relating to government plans, budgets, expenditures and performances online.
  • Putting online key judicial decisions like environment decisions etc. which are important to citizens and create precedence for future actions.
  • Making available contact addresses of local, regional, national and international officials online
  • Making available the reports of enquiry committees or commissions online.
  • According to the Good Governance Day Report published in 2014 by the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology – Highlights the key achievements and activities of the ministry that have played an instrumental role in furthering the cause of Good Governance.

Challenges of good governance:

  • Capacity Building – Access to information, participation, innovation and accountability are needed to build an environment for capacity building.
  • Administrative Responses – people seeking access to healthcare or livelihood facilities are required to pay several visits to multiple government offices located in different parts of the district headquarters.
  • Karnataka, for example, has made available land records for some 20 million farmers by placing them online under its Bhoomi Initiative.
  • Corruption at various levels such as arising due to centralization of power and authority
  • Criminalization of politics and consequent violations of human rights.
  • Weak legislators with criminal records, poor knowledge about development issues and low level of education
  • Poor people’s participation in development processes and less active civil society
  • Poorly empowered grassroots democratic institutions, poor coordination among the political, administrative and community level organizations and institutions.
  • Delay in delivery of judicial decisions and poor participation of disadvantaged in decision making process.

Way forward

  • Public sector modernisation and good governance is no longer an option, but a necessity.
  • It will help governments respond to changing societal needs and maintain competitiveness in an uncertain international environment.
  • This can be achieved through initiatives such as Good Governance Index 2019; which is a scientifically prepared tool based on various parameters of good governance which assess the level of any state at a given point of time and help in shaping future development.

Source: Indianexpress

 

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