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Gaan Ngai festival

  • IASbaba
  • January 7, 2023
  • 0
History and Art and Culture
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Context: Recently Gaan Ngai festival was celebrated in the state of Manipur.

About Gaan Ngai festival:

  • Gann Ngai is a regional public holiday in the Northeastern Indian state of Manipur on the 13th day of the month of Wakching in the Manipuri calendar.
  • It falls in either December or January in the western calendar.
  • It is also known as Chakaan Gaan Ngai and is the biggest festival of Zeliangrong community.
  • Gann Ngai takes place after the end of the harvest season.
  • Gaan-Ngai literally means the festival of winter season. Gaan or Ganh means winter or dry season and Ngai means festival.
  • The Zeliangrong people, comprising the Zemei, Liangmei and the Rongmei tribes, are one of the major indigenous communities living in Manipur.
  • They also have sizable populations in the neighbouring states of Assam and Nagaland.
  • The most significant part of the festival is the worshipping of “Tingkao Ragwang”, which is the Supreme God.
  • This is a festival during which those who died in the previous year are given a ritual farewell or departure; their graves are beautified; dances are performed and a feast is held in honour of the dead, which is why this festival is sometimes known as the festival of the dead and the living.
  • At the beginning of this festival the head of the village creates a ‘new fire’ by rubbing bamboo cord with bamboo gauze placed under a piece of dry wood.
  • This traditional method of making fire is called “Mhai Lapmei”, meaning extraction of the sacred fire.

Source: NewsOnAir

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