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Satyendra Nath Bose

  • IASbaba
  • January 2, 2023
  • 0
Science and Technology
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Context: Born on January 1, 1894, Satyendra Nath Bose collaborated with Einstein to develop what we now know as the Bose-Einstein statistics. We take a look at the Indian physicist’s illustrious legacy and stellar achievements.

About Satyendra Nath Bose:

  • Satyendra Nath Bose was born on January 1, 1894 in Calcutta.
  • His father Surendranath Bose was employed in the Engineering Department of the East India Railway.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose is known for his work in Quantum Physics.
  • He is famous for “Bose-Einstein Theory” and a kind of particle in atom has been named after his name as Boson.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose had his schooling from Hindu High School in Calcutta.
  • He passed the ISc in 1911 from the Presidency College, Calcutta securing the first position.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose did his BSc in Mathematics from the Presidency College in 1913 and MSc in Mixed Mathematics in 1915 from the same college.
  • In 1916, the Calcutta University started M.Sc. classes in Modern Mathematics and Modern Physics. S.N. Bose started his career in 1916 as a Lecturer in Physics in Calcutta University from 1916 to 1921.
  • He joined the newly established Dhaka University in 1921 as a Reader in the Department of Physics.
  • In 1924, Satyendra Nath Bose published an article titled Max Planck’s Law and Light Quantum Hypothesis.
    • This article was sent to Albert Einstein. Einstein appreciated it so much that he himself translated it into German and sent it for publication to a famous periodical in Germany – ‘Zeitschrift fur Physik’.
  • The hypothesis received a great and was highly appreciated by the scientists. It became famous to the scientists as ‘Bose-Einstein Theory’.
  • In 1926, Satyendra Nath Bose became a Professor of Physics in Dhaka University.
  • Though he had not completed his doctorate till then, he was appointed as professor on Einstein’s recommendation.
  • In 1929 Satyendra Nath Bose was elected chairman of the Physics of the Indian Science Congress and in 1944 elected full chairman of the Congress.
  • In 1945, he was appointed as Khaira Professor of Physics in Calcutta University. He retired from Calcutta University in 1956.
    • The University honored him on his retirement by appointing him as Emeritus Professor.
  • Later he became the Vice Chancellor of the Viswabharati University.
  • In 1958, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society, London.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose was honored with ‘Padmabhusan’ by the Indian Government in recognition of his outstanding achievement.
  • He died in Kolkata on February 4, 1974.

Source:  Indian Express

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) Consider the following statements:

  1. Other than those made by humans, nanoparticles do not exist in nature.
  2. Nanoparticles of some metallic oxides are used in the manufacture of some cosmetics.
  3. Nanoparticles of some commercial products which enter the environment are unsafe for humans.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 2
  4. 2 and 3

Q.2) With reference to the carbon nanotubes, consider the following statement :

  1. They can be used as the carriers of drugs and antigens in the human body.
  2. They can be made into artificial blood capillaries for an injured part of the human body.
  3. They can be used in biochemical sensors.
  4. Carbon nanotubes are biodegradable.

Which of the statements given above are correct ? (2020)

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1, 3 and 4 only
  4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

 

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