Context: Born on January 1, 1894, Satyendra Nath Bose collaborated with Einstein to develop what we now know as the Bose-Einstein statistics. We take a look at the Indian physicist’s illustrious legacy and stellar achievements.
About Satyendra Nath Bose:
- Satyendra Nath Bose was born on January 1, 1894 in Calcutta.
- His father Surendranath Bose was employed in the Engineering Department of the East India Railway.
- Satyendra Nath Bose is known for his work in Quantum Physics.
- He is famous for “Bose-Einstein Theory” and a kind of particle in atom has been named after his name as Boson.
- Satyendra Nath Bose had his schooling from Hindu High School in Calcutta.
- He passed the ISc in 1911 from the Presidency College, Calcutta securing the first position.
- Satyendra Nath Bose did his BSc in Mathematics from the Presidency College in 1913 and MSc in Mixed Mathematics in 1915 from the same college.
- In 1916, the Calcutta University started M.Sc. classes in Modern Mathematics and Modern Physics. S.N. Bose started his career in 1916 as a Lecturer in Physics in Calcutta University from 1916 to 1921.
- He joined the newly established Dhaka University in 1921 as a Reader in the Department of Physics.
- In 1924, Satyendra Nath Bose published an article titled Max Planck’s Law and Light Quantum Hypothesis.
- This article was sent to Albert Einstein. Einstein appreciated it so much that he himself translated it into German and sent it for publication to a famous periodical in Germany – ‘Zeitschrift fur Physik’.
- The hypothesis received a great and was highly appreciated by the scientists. It became famous to the scientists as ‘Bose-Einstein Theory’.
- In 1926, Satyendra Nath Bose became a Professor of Physics in Dhaka University.
- Though he had not completed his doctorate till then, he was appointed as professor on Einstein’s recommendation.
- In 1929 Satyendra Nath Bose was elected chairman of the Physics of the Indian Science Congress and in 1944 elected full chairman of the Congress.
- In 1945, he was appointed as Khaira Professor of Physics in Calcutta University. He retired from Calcutta University in 1956.
- The University honored him on his retirement by appointing him as Emeritus Professor.
- Later he became the Vice Chancellor of the Viswabharati University.
- In 1958, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society, London.
- Satyendra Nath Bose was honored with ‘Padmabhusan’ by the Indian Government in recognition of his outstanding achievement.
- He died in Kolkata on February 4, 1974.
Source: Indian Express
Previous Year Questions
Q.1) Consider the following statements:
- Other than those made by humans, nanoparticles do not exist in nature.
- Nanoparticles of some metallic oxides are used in the manufacture of some cosmetics.
- Nanoparticles of some commercial products which enter the environment are unsafe for humans.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
- 1 only
- 3 only
- 1 and 2
- 2 and 3
Q.2) With reference to the carbon nanotubes, consider the following statement :
- They can be used as the carriers of drugs and antigens in the human body.
- They can be made into artificial blood capillaries for an injured part of the human body.
- They can be used in biochemical sensors.
- Carbon nanotubes are biodegradable.
Which of the statements given above are correct ? (2020)
- 1 and 2 only
- 2, 3 and 4 only
- 1, 3 and 4 only
- 1, 2, 3 and 4