• IASbaba
  • February 13, 2023
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Context: Geological Survey of India for the first time established Lithium inferred resources in the Salal-Haimana area of the Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir.

About Lithium:

  • Lithium is a non-ferrous metal and is one of the key components in EV batteries.
  • It has the symbol Li and is a chemical element.
  • It’s a silvery-white metal with a delicate texture.
  • It is the lightest metal and the lightest solid element under normal circumstances.
  • It must be kept in mineral oil since it is very reactive and combustible.
  • It is both an alkali and a rare metal.

India’s lithium reserves:

  • According to the Indian Mines Ministry, the government agencies made the small discovery of lithium resources at a site in Mandya, Karnataka.
  • It is the country’s first lithium reserve.

Lithium Production in the world:

  • Australia, Chile, China and Argentina are the world’s top four lithium-producing countries.
  • Australia is by far the world’s top producer of lithium, with an output of 42,000 tonnes in 2019.
  • The Lithium Triangle is a region of the Andes rich in lithium reserves around the borders of Argentina, Bolivia and Chile.
  • The lithium in the triangle is concentrated in various salt pans that exist along the Atacama Desert and neighbouring arid areas.
  • The area is thought to hold around 54% of the world’s lithium reserves.
  • The Indian Navy has shown interest in the Lithium Triangle as lithium will be required on Li-ION batteries that are planned to be fitted in future submarines.

MUST READ: Geological Survey of India

Source:  Indian Express


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