• IASbaba
  • February 21, 2023
  • 0
Environment & Ecology
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Context: Rhododendrons carpet Darjeeling, Sikkim Himalayas.

About Rhododendrons:

  • Rhododendron is a large genus of flowering plants that are found mainly in the Eastern Himalayas, Western Himalayas, and Nilgiris.
  • They are native to many regions of the world, including Asia, Europe, North America, and Australia.
  • The species is found in varied habitats from subtropical forests to alpine shrubs, rhododendrons range from dwarf shrubs to large trees.
  • Some plants of Rhododendron are evergreen while others are deciduous in nature.
  • The species has been designated as the State tree of Uttarakhand.
  • Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas are home to one-third (34%) of all Rhododendron types and comprise only 0.3% of India’s geographical area.
  • Rhododendrons are indicator species.
  • They are facing a high threat due to anthropological pressures and climate change.

Source: The Hindu

Previous Year Questions

Q.1) With reference to “Gucchi” sometimes mentioned in the news, consider the following statements. (2022)

  1. It is a fungus.
  2. It grows in some Himalayan Forest areas.
  3. It is commercially cultivated in the Himalayan foothills of north-eastern India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 3 only
  3. 1 and 2
  4. 2 and 3

Q.2) Which of the following are nitrogen-fixing plants? (2022)

  1. Alfalfa
  2. Amaranth
  3. Chickpea
  4. Clover
  5. Purslane (Kulfa)
  6. Spinach

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

  1. 1, 3, and 4 only
  2. 1, 3, 5, and 6 only
  3. 2, 4, 5, and 6 only
  4. 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6


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