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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan- Prelims Test 2016 ENVIRONMENT & CURRENT AFFAIRS [DAY 48]

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IASbaba ’60 Day Plan’ – Prelims Test 2016 [Day 48]

 


Q.1) Which of the following two criteria have to be met in order to qualify as a ‘biodiversity hotspot’ on the world hotspots map?

  1. The region must contain at least 0.5 percent or 1500 species of vascular plants as endemic species.
  2. The region has to have lost at least 70 percent of its primary vegetation.
  3. The region must not have lost any of its primary predators.

Choose the correct option:

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.2) Which of the following are included in the ‘Red Data’ book of rare and endangered species?

  1. Plants
  2. Animals
  3. Fungi

Select the code from the following:

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 only

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.3) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Kyoto Protocol’:

  1. It is binding for Annex I countries.
  2. The targets initially applied for six Green house Gases which were translated into CO2 equivalents in determining reductions in emissions.
  3. The signatories have to reduce their individual Green House Gas emissions by 5.2% from 1990 level.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 3

d) All of the above


Q.4) Consider the following statements:

  1. Ozone is generally formed in upper stratosphere and sinks to lower stratosphere.
  2. Ozone is measured in Dobson Unit in stratosphere.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.5) Which among the following awards has been institued by the Government of India for individuals or communities from rural areas that have shown extraordinary courage and dedication in protecting Wildlife?

a) Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar

b) Medini Puruskar Yojana

c) Amrita Devi Bishnoi Award

d) Pitambar Pant National Award


Q.6) Consider the following statements regarding ‘Dark Fermentation’:

  1. It is a method to produce Methane from solid Organic waste.
  2. Dark fermentation differs from photofermentation in that it proceeds without the presence of light.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.7) Consider the following statements regarding Carbon Monoxide:

  1. CO is naturally formed in human body.
  2. CO is a normal neurotransmitter.
  3. Too much of Carbon monoxide is poisonous for humans.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 2 only

d) None of the above


Q.8) ‘Emu’ farms are being promoted in India. Which of the following statements are correct about ‘Emu’?

  1. It is one of the heaviest flying birds with Australian origin.
  2. Emu meat has much lower fat compared to chicken, mutton, pork or turkey, & low in cholesterol, hence good for heart patients.
  3. Emu egg is a great nutritional supplement as one egg can feed an entire family.

Select the code from following:

a) 1 only

b) 2 and 3

c) 1 and 2

d) All of the above


Q.9) To increase yield, the cows are injected with Oxytocin, a hormone banned in India under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act and section 12 of Food and Drug Adulteration Prevention Act, 1960. Why is this hormone banned?

  1. Milk produced from such cows is unfit/harmful for human consumption.
  2. Cows injected with Oxytocin have a greater incidence of abortions, mastitis and lower conception rates.
  3. Calves born to Oxytocin injected cows suffer higher than normal infant mortality and delayed puberty.

Select the code from below:

a) 1 only.

b) 1 & 2 only.

c) 2 & 3 only.

d) 1, 2 & 3.


Q.10) Rabies has caused a menace in India and it has been made a priority disease for control under 12th 5 year plan. The bite of which of the following species causes rabies?

  1. Dogs
  2. Monkeys
  3. Bats

Select the code from below:

a) 1 only

b) 1 and 3

c) 1 and 2

d) All of the above


Q.11) Consider the following statements in regard to Aquatic Ecosystem:

  1. Neustons are unattached organisms which live at the air-water interface
  2. Nektons are organisms which remain attached to stems and leaves of rooted plants and substances emerging above the bottom mud
  3. Planktons includes both microscopic plants like algae and animals like crustaceans and protozoans
  4. Benthos or benthic organisms are those found living in the bottom of the water mass

Which of the above given statement(s) is/are correct?

a) 3 and 4 only

b) 1, 2 and 4 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) All of the above


Q.12) Consider the following two statements:

  1. The Centre can declare any animal ‘vermin’, under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, following requests from the respective States.
  2. ‘Vermin’ provision can be utilized within specified territories of the States, and outside forests and protected areas.

Which of the above given statement(s) is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.13) Which among the following ecological terms is/are not true?

  1. An Ecad is a population of individuals, which are genetically different.
  2. The place where an organism lives, eats and reproduces is known as its Niche.

Select the appropriate code:

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both

d) None


Q.14) Which of the following are the physical processes responsible for the formation of Estuaries?

  1. Rising sea level
  2. Movement of sand and sandbars
  3. Glacial processes
  4. Tectonic processes

Select the appropriate code:

a) All of the above

b) 1 and 4 only

c) 1, 3 and 4 only

d) 1, 2 and 4 only


Q.15) Consider the following differences between Turtle and Tortoise:

  1. Tortoises are land dwelling animals, while turtles are water-dwelling animals
  2. Tortoises are found mostly in Asia and Africa, and some species in South America’s Galápagos Islands, while turtles are mainly found in Africa and America
  3. Tortoises are mainly herbivorous, carnivorous or omnivorous i.e. mostly are carnivorous or omnivorous. Turtles are primarily herbivorous animals and few are omnivorous.
  4. Turtles feet are short and sturdy with bent legs

Which of the above given difference(s) is/are not correct?

a) All of the above

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 3 and 4 only

d) 2 and 4 only


Q.16) River Mandakini is a tributary of

a) Ganga

b) Chandra

c) Bhagirathi

d) Alaknanda


Q.17) Which of the following hills host the Lomash Rishi cave, Sudama cave and Karan Chaupar caves?

a) Amarkantak

b) Barabar

c) Nagarjuni

d) Pir Panjal


Q.18) This particular mineral has been discovered by the Curiosity rover on Mars suggesting the fact that Mars has hosted explosive volcanoes in the past—

a) Coal

b) Methane

c) Tridymite

d) Sphalerite


Q.19) Consider the following statements:

  1. One of only five elemental metals that is liquid at or near room temperature.
  2. It is a hazardous material as a metal and its radioisotopes present a high health risk if released into the environment.
  3. It is a by-product of nuclear power and is highly soluble in water, making it ideal for measuring the release of radioactive material into the ocean

Identify the element:

a) Caesium

b) Uranium

c) Lead

d) Arsenic


Q.20) This project will allow the government to track the account details and identify the tax evaders—

a) Pariksha

b) Insight

c) E-sahyog

d) Suvidha


Q.21) SAMOA Pathway is concerned with which of the following?

a) Promotion of development of environmental friendly sports facilities

b) Convention on Biological Diversity

c) Small Island Developing States

d) Sustainable Pastoralism


Q.22) Which of the following crops are affected by the ‘early blight’ disease?

  1. Tomato
  2. Potato
  3. Rice
  4. Coconut

Select the correct code

a) 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) 3 and 4

d) None of the above


Q.23) Some hand pumps are being painted red in rural areas. What is the reason behind doing this?

a) It indicates arsenic contamination in the aquifer

b) To protect the hand pump from rusting and corrosion

c) It indicates that the hand pumps is funded under NRDWP

d) To distinguish between hand pumps set up under Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP)


Q.24) Consider the following Tiger Reserves and States

  1. Pakke :: Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Anamalai :: Kerala
  3. Periyar :: Tamil Nadu
  4. Tadoba :: Maharashtra

Which of the following is incorrectly matched?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1,2 and 4

d) None of the above


Q.25) According to Economic Survey 15-16, India is the biggest exporter of water. How is this export being done?

  1. Water is being exported from the Himalayas
  2. Exports of crops that have high amount of water embedded in them
  3. Breweries are taking up all the ground water and exporting it throughout the world
  4. None of the above

 

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