An increase in the expansion of Amery Ice Shelf (AIS) predicted
Part of: GS-Prelims and GS-III – Climate change
- The National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) has predicted an increase in the expansion of Amery Ice Shelf (AIS) boundaries from its 2016 positions.
- The AIS is one of the largest glacier drainage basins in the world, located on the east coast of Antarctica.
- The AIS dynamics and mass balance help in understanding the changes in the global climate scenario.
- The prediction made by NCPOR is expected to help to understand the ongoing changes in the ocean and atmospheric forces better.
- The predictions are based on a 16-year-long satellite-based observation that covered an area of 60,000 sq. km across the AIS.
- It has been predicted that there would be a 24% increase in the expansion of AIS boundaries by 2021 and another 24% expansion by 2026 from its 2016 positions
- The study has also observed a spatio-temporal (belonging to both space and time) change in the ice shelf as reflected by the extension of the Prydz, Mackenzie and the Sandefjord Bays which forms a part of the AIS.
- In the background of the global warming scenario, the study reveals about the advancement in the predicted ice shelf extent, the future dynamism of ocean heat fluctuation.
- The study has also observed that the critical cooling of the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) is resulting in an advancement of the ice shelf by 88% in the past 15 years.
- These changes would contribute in a major way to climate variability.
Important value additions
- The floating sheets of ice are called ‘ice shelves’.
- It plays a major role in maintaining the stability of a glacier.
- Ice shelves connect a glacier to the landmass.
- Important parameters for the balancing of a glacier:
- Ice sheet mass balance
- Sea stratification
- Bottom water formation
- The ice sheet mass balance – Net balance between the mass gained by snow deposition and the loss of mass by melting.
- Sea stratification – When water masses with different properties form layers that act as barriers to water mixing.
- The deep-ocean bottom water is formed by the cooling and sinking of surface water at high latitudes.